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FtsZ, a tubulin-like protein with GTPase activity, and FtsA, an actin-like protein with ATPase activity, are two proteins known to play critical roles in the later stages of the bacterial cell cycle. It is well documented that FtsA-FtsZ co-localization at the septum of dividing bacteria is essential for successful cell division in E. coli. We have validated(More)
The sequencing of the first complete bacterial genome in 1995 heralded a new era of hope for antibacterial drug discoverers, who now had the tools to search entire genomes for new antibacterial targets. Several companies, including GlaxoSmithKline, moved back into the antibacterials area and embraced a genomics-derived, target-based approach to screen for(More)
Bacterial enoyl-ACP reductase (FabI) is responsible for catalyzing the final step of bacterial fatty acid biosynthesis and is an attractive target for the development of novel antibacterial agents. Previously we reported the development of FabI inhibitor 4 with narrow spectrum antimicrobial activity and in vivo efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus via(More)
Metallo beta-lactamase enzymes confer antibiotic resistance to bacteria by catalyzing the hydrolysis of beta-lactam antibiotics. This relatively new form of resistance is spreading unchallenged as there is a current lack of potent and selective inhibitors of metallo beta-lactamases. Reported here are the crystal structures of the native IMP-1 metallo(More)
Three hundred twenty-eight patients with limited stage small cell lung cancer were enrolled in a trial to evaluate surgical treatment for such patients responding to chemotherapy. Cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and vincristine were administered every 21 days for five cycles. Patients achieving at least partial response who had confirmation of pure small(More)
Bacterial enoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase (FabI) catalyzes the final step in each elongation cycle of bacterial fatty acid biosynthesis and is an attractive target for the development of new antibacterial agents. High-throughput screening of the Staphylococcus aureus FabI enzyme identified a novel, weak inhibitor with no detectable antibacterial(More)
Gene sequences encoding the enzymes UDP-N-acetylglucosamine enolpyruvyl transferase (MurA) from many bacterial sources were analyzed. It was shown that whereas gram-negative bacteria have only one murA gene, gram-positive bacteria have two distinct genes encoding these enzymes which have possibly arisen from gene duplication. The two murA genes of the(More)
Simple methods to detect, identify, and differentiate metallo- and serine beta-lactamases were developed and used to differentiate enzymes produced by 17 clinical isolates of Xanthomonas maltophilia. All isolates exhibited beta-lactamase activity, and in 16 strains this was induced by imipenem. All but one isolate hydrolyzed imipenem (and meropenem), and in(More)
Validation of antibiotic mode of action in whole bacterial cells is a key step for antibiotic drug discovery. In this study, one potential drug target, enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase (FabI), an essential enzyme in the fatty acid biosynthesis pathway, was used to evaluate the feasibility of using a regulated antisense RNA interference approach to(More)