David Palmer

Learn More
The ceroid-lipofuscinoses are a group of inherited neurodegenerative diseases of human beings characterized by the accumulation of a fluorescent lipopigment in neurons and other cells within the body. There is usually atrophy of both brain and retina with preferential loss of particular neurons. Biochemically, the diseases divide into at least two groups,(More)
The late-infantile form of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (LINCL) is a progressive and ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disease of childhood. The defective gene in this hereditary disorder, CLN2, encodes a recently identified lysosomal pepstatin-insensitive acid protease. To better understand the molecular pathology of LINCL, we conducted a genetic survey(More)
The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs, Batten disease) are fatal inherited neurodegenerative diseases characterized by gross brain atrophy, blindness, and intracellular accumulation of lysosome-derived storage bodies. A CLN6 form in sheep is studied as a large animal model of the human diseases. This study describes neuropathological changes in brains(More)
Variant late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, a lysosomal storage disorder characterized by progressive mental deterioration and blindness, is caused by mutations in a polytopic membrane protein (CLN6) with unknown intracellular localization and function. In this study, transient transfection of BHK21 cells with CLN6 cDNA and immunoblot analysis(More)
We have isolated storage cytosomes from brain tissue of patients with infantile neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis. The purified storage bodies were subjected to compositional analysis which revealed a high content of proteins, accounting for 43% of dry weight. Saposins A and D, also known as sphingolipid activator proteins (SAPs), were shown to constitute a(More)
AIM To describe the gross and histological lesions of a neurological disease in Borderdale sheep characterised clinically by blindness and circling, as a basis to its classification. METHODS Formalin-fixed tissues were processed into paraffin wax and epoxy resin for light and electron microscopy of variously stained sections. RESULTS Lesions were those(More)
Batten disease (neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses, NCLs) are a group of inherited childhood diseases that result in severe brain atrophy, blindness and seizures, leading to premature death. To date, eight different genes have been identified, each associated with a different form. Linkage analysis indicated a CLN5 form in a colony of affected New Zealand(More)
Coronatine (COR) is a non-host-specific phytotoxin that is produced by several different pathovars in the species Pseudomonas syringae. COR consists of two distinct components: coronafacic acid (CFA), which is synthesized via the polyketide pathway, and coronamic acid (CMA), a cyclized derivative of isoleucine. Both CFA and CMA function as intermediates in(More)
Canine distemper virus (CDV) antigen was demonstrated immunocytochemically in the central nervous system (CNS) of 19 dogs killed from 16 to 170 days after infection. In the earliest lesions, infection of glial cells preceded demyelination, and the degree of myelin destruction correlated with the amount of viral antigen in the tissue. It was concluded that(More)
The ceroid-lipofuscinoses (Batten's disease) are a group of recessively inherited lysosomal storage diseases of children and animals in which there is intracellular accumulation of a fluorescent lipopigment in a wide variety of cells. Lipopigment bodies isolated from pancreas, liver, kidney and brain tissue from a heifer affected with ceroid-lipofuscinosis(More)