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The ABC1 transporter was identified as the defect in Tangier disease by a combined strategy of gene expression microarray analysis, genetic mapping, and biochemical studies. Patients with Tangier disease have a defect in cellular cholesterol removal, which results in near zero plasma levels of HDL and in massive tissue deposition of cholesteryl esters.(More)
Lipid-poor high density lipoprotein apolipoproteins remove cholesterol and phospholipids from cells by an active secretory pathway controlled by an ABC transporter called ABCA1. This pathway is induced by cholesterol and cAMP analogs in a cell-specific manner. Here we provide evidence that increased plasma membrane ABCA1 accounts for the enhanced(More)
ATP-binding cassette transporter 1 (ABC1) mediates the active efflux of cholesterol from cells to apolipoproteins. To study the mechanisms of regulation of ABC1 gene expression, RAW 264.7 macrophages were transiently transfected with ABC1 promoter-luciferase reporter gene-fusion constructs. Transcription from a 1.64 kb fragment was induced by cholesterol(More)
Elevated blood levels of apolipoprotein(a), the component of lipoprotein(a) that distinguishes it from low density lipoprotein, are a major risk factor for atherosclerosis. The apolipoprotein(a) gene is highly similar to the plasminogen gene and to at least four other genes or pseudogenes. The 5' untranslated and flanking sequences of these six genes(More)
Elevated blood concentrations of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] and its constituent, apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)], constitute a major risk factor for atherosclerosis, but their physiological activities remain obscure. Lp(a) and purified apo(a) stimulated the growth of human smooth muscle cells in culture. This effect resulted from inhibition of plasminogen(More)
The lipoprotein Lp(a), a major inherited risk factor for atherosclerosis, consists of a low density lipoprotein-like particle containing apolipoprotein B-100 plus the distinguishing component apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)). Human apo(a) contains highly repeated domains related to plasminogen kringle four plus single kringle five and protease-like domains.(More)
The present study examines the expression of ATP-binding cassette transporter 1 (ABC1) mRNA in normal and atherosclerotic tissues by using in situ hybridization in an effort to better understand the function of this cholesterol transport protein. Samples of normal baboon tissues as well as human normal and atherosclerotic aortas were hybridized with(More)
Cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (Cyp7a1) plays a central role in the regulation of bile acid and cholesterol metabolism, and transcription of the gene is controlled by bile acids and hormones acting through a complex interaction with a number of potential steroid-hormone-binding sites. Transcriptional activity of the human CYP7A1 gene promoter transfected(More)
We conducted large scale gene expression analysis of the response of macrophages to exposure to oxidized low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL). Much of the vessel wall lesion of atherosclerosis is composed of macrophages that have become engorged with cholesterol. These resulting "foam cells" contribute to the progression of vascular disease through several(More)