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BACKGROUND This study compared bortezomib with high-dose dexamethasone in patients with relapsed multiple myeloma who had received one to three previous therapies. METHODS We randomly assigned 669 patients with relapsed myeloma to receive either an intravenous bolus of bortezomib (1.3 mg per square meter of body-surface area) on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 for(More)
Bortezomib, a potent and reversible proteasome inhibitor, affects the myeloma cell and its microenvironment, resulting in down-regulation of growth and survival signaling pathways and durable responses in patients with relapsed and refractory myeloma. Potential associations between baseline parameters and outcomes with bortezomib were explored in 202(More)
Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (IDH1/2), are present in most gliomas and secondary glioblastomas, but are rare in other neoplasms. IDH1/2 mutations are heterozygous, and affect a single arginine residue. Recently, IDH1 mutations were identified in 8% of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients. A glioma study revealed that IDH1 mutations(More)
A number of human cancers harbor somatic point mutations in the genes encoding isocitrate dehydrogenases 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2). These mutations alter residues in the enzyme active sites and confer a gain-of-function in cancer cells, resulting in the accumulation and secretion of the oncometabolite (R)-2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG). We developed a small(More)
PURPOSE Bortezomib has shown synergy with melphalan in preclinical models. We assessed the safety, tolerability, and response rate in a dose-escalation study of this combination for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma patients. METHODS Bortezomib was administered from 0.7 to 1.0 mg/m(2) on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 of a 28-day cycle for up to eight cycles.(More)
Mutations of the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 genes (IDH1 and IDH2) are commonly found in primary brain cancers. We previously reported that a novel enzymatic activity of these mutations results in the production of the putative oncometabolite, R(-)-2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG). Here we investigated the ability of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to(More)
Bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor with efficacy in multiple myeloma, is associated with thrombocytopenia, the cause and kinetics of which are different from those of standard cytotoxic agents. We assessed the frequency, kinetics, and mechanism of thrombocytopenia following treatment with bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 in 228 patients with relapsed and/or refractory(More)
We explored the ability of the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib, which prevents nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation, to block T-cell activation, proliferation, and survival within alloreactive compared with resting T cells. For this purpose, T cells were stimulated with PHA, alphaCD3/alphaCD28, or allogeneic dendritic cells or through mixed(More)
PURPOSE Proteasome inhibition results in cytotoxicity to the leukemia stem cell in vitro. We conducted this phase I study to determine if the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib could be safely added to induction chemotherapy in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Bortezomib was given on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 at doses of 0.7,(More)
Mutations of IDH1 and IDH2, which produce the oncometabolite 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG), have been identified in several tumors, including acute myeloid leukemia. Recent studies have shown that expression of the IDH mutant enzymes results in high levels of 2HG and a block in cellular differentiation that can be reversed with IDH mutant-specific small-molecule(More)