David P. Jacobson

Learn More
Previous studies have concluded that cytosolic Ca2+ [( Ca2+]i) transients are essential for neutrophils (PMN) to degranulate and make superoxide anion when challenged with the receptor agonists N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine, platelet-activating factor and leukotriene B4. This view is based on the profound unresponsiveness of PMN that have their(More)
Production of fertilized oocytes and generation of transgenic mice is generally more efficient using F2 hybrid embryos than embryos from inbred mice. Most F2 hybrids are of the C57BL/6 background because of its genetic and embryologic features. However, our goal of developing a transgenic mouse model for rheumatoid arthritis necessitated using a susceptible(More)
Human polymorphonuclear neutrophils rapidly incorporated radiolabeled platelet-activating factor, 1-O-[hexadecyl-9, 10-3H2]-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine ([3H]PAF), and then metabolized it into its sn-2-fatty acyl derivative. Fractionation of radiolabel-pretreated cells over Percoll gradients revealed that virtually all of the intact [3H]PAF was(More)
TNF-alpha enhances polymorphonuclear responses to many stimuli, including chemotactic peptide FMLP. It also promotes expression of FMLP receptors and thus may prime polymorphonuclear neutrophils to this and other agonists by up-regulating signal recognition molecules. However, we find that the cytokine's actions on FMLP receptors lagged priming of(More)
Mutations at CpG dinucleotides were delineated in the factor IX gene of 38 hemophilia B patients. When transitions at CpG were considered with those previously reported by us and those compiled in the factor IX mutation database, the following patterns emerged. Many CpG sites were mutated with high frequency, while two CpG sites were infrequently mutated(More)
[3H]Phorbol dibutyrate [( 3H]PDB) rapidly and reversibly binds to human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). Ca2+/diacylglycerol/phospholipid-dependent protein kinase C appeared to be the receptor for this binding because: a diacylglycerol, dioctanoylglycerol, competed with [3H]PDB for PMN binding sites; a blocker of protein kinase C-phospholipid(More)
5-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoate (5-HETE), like leukotriene B4 and platelet-activating factor, stimulated human polymorphonuclear neutrophils to mobilize intracellular calcium. The three compounds acted through mechanisms that were inhibited by pertussis toxin, cholera toxin, and PMA. Each agonist, furthermore, desensitized (or down-regulated) the neutrophil's(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) (Ca2+/phospholipid-dependent enzyme) activators stimulated human neutrophils to reduce the availability of high affinity receptors for platelet-activating factor. These effects were concentration dependent, irreversible, temperature sensitive, and antagonized by a PKC blocker. The activators also inhibited 1-O-alkyl-65% hexadecyl, 25%(More)
Three protein kinase C (PKC) activators (PMA, mezerein, and a diacylglycerol) had bidirectional effects on human polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) degranulation responses to leukotriene (LT) B4. Lower concentrations of the three agents enhanced, whereas higher concentrations inhibited, release of lysozyme and beta-glucuronidase stimulated by the(More)