David P. Horvath

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Dormancy of buds is a critical developmental process that allows perennial plants to survive extreme seasonal variations in climate. Dormancy transitions in underground crown buds of the model herbaceous perennial weed leafy spurge were investigated using a 23 K element cDNA microarray. These data represent the first large-scale transcriptome analysis of(More)
DORMANCY ASSOCIATED MADS-BOX (DAM) genes are related to AGAMOUS-LIKE 24 and SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE genes of arabidopsis and are differentially regulated coordinately with endodormancy induction and release in buds of several perennial plant species. DAM genes were first shown to directly impact endodormancy in peach where a deletion of a series of DAM(More)
We have previously shown that changes in gene expression occur in Arabidopsis thaliana. L. (Heyn) during cold acclimation (SJ Gilmour, RK Hajela, MF Thomashow [1988] Plant Physiol 87: 745-750). Here we report the isolation of cDNA clones of four cold-regulated (cor) genes from Arabidopsis and examine their expression in response to low temperature, abscisic(More)
Dormancy regulation in vegetative buds is a complex process necessary for plant survival, development and architecture. Our understanding of and ability to manipulate these processes are crucial for increasing the yield and availability of much of the world's food. In many cases, release of dormancy results in increased cell division and changes in(More)
Changes in gene expression occur during cold acclimation in a variety of plants including Arabidopsis thaliana L. (Heyn). Here we examine the cold-regulated expression of A. thaliana cor78. The results of gene-fusion experiments confirm the finding of Yamaguchi-Shinozaki and Shinozaki ([1993] Mol Gen Genet 236: 331-340) that the 5' region of cor78 has(More)
PREMISE OF STUDY Weeds cause considerable environmental and economic damage. However, genomic characterization of weeds has lagged behind that of model plants and crop species. Here we describe the development of genomic tools and resources for 11 weeds from the Compositae family that will serve as a basis for subsequent population and comparative genomic(More)
Expressed sequence tags (EST)-based microarrays are powerful tools for gene discovery and signal transduction studies in a small number of well-characterized species. To explore the usefulness of this technique for poorly characterized species, we have hybridized the 11,522-element Arabidopsis microarrays with labeled cDNAs from mature leaf and shoot apices(More)
Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula) is an herbaceous perennial weed that produces vegetatively from an abundance of underground adventitious buds. In this study, we report the effects of different environmental conditions on vegetative production and flowering competence, and determine molecular mechanisms associated with dormancy transitions under controlled(More)
Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) is the most important tool in measuring levels of gene expression due to its accuracy, specificity, and sensitivity. However, the accuracy of qRT-PCR analysis strongly depends on transcript normalization using stably expressed reference genes. The aim of this study was to find internal reference(More)
Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula) is a perennial weed which is capable of acclimating to sub-freezing temperatures. We have used the differential display technique to identify and clone a cDNA for a cold-regulated gene (cor20) which hybridizes to mRNAs that accumulate specifically during the cold acclamation process. The cor20 cDNA was used to isolate two(More)