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PURPOSE A Tyr-to-His (Y402H) sequence variant in the factor H (FH) and factor H-like protein (FHL-1) gene is strongly associated with an increased susceptibility for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The purpose of this study was to understand how the Y402H variant in FH/FHL-1 contributes to the pathogenesis of AMD and, in particular, whether(More)
Pseudoexfoliation syndrome is a generalized disorder of the extracellular matrix, characterized by the pathological accumulation of abnormal fibrillar material in the anterior segment of the eye predisposing to glaucomatous optic neuropathy. We investigated the role of lysyl oxidase-like 1(LOXL1) sequence variation in a Caucasian Australian population-based(More)
Central corneal thickness (CCT) is associated with eye conditions including keratoconus and glaucoma. We performed a meta-analysis on >20,000 individuals in European and Asian populations that identified 16 new loci associated with CCT at genome-wide significance (P < 5 × 10(-8)). We further showed that 2 CCT-associated loci, FOXO1 and FNDC3B, conferred(More)
Neutrophils are a key mediator of the innate immune system and are pivotal in the inflammatory response to infection or tissue damage. Fundamental to the role that neutrophils play in host defence is their interaction with the vascular endothelium. From the initial mobilisation of neutrophils out of the bone marrow to their ultimate transmigration through(More)
Although endothelial cell (EC) infection is not widespread during dengue virus (DENV) infection in vivo, the endothelium is the site of the pathogenic effects seen in severe DENV disease. In this study, we investigated DENV infection of primary EC and defined factors that influence infection in this cell type. Consistent with in vivo findings where EC(More)
Hereditary hyperferritinemia cataract syndrome (HHCS) is characterized by distinctive cataracts and high serum ferritin in the absence of iron overload. It is caused by mutations in the iron response element (IRE) of the Ferritin Light Chain (FTL) gene. Here we investigate the genetics of HHCS in a three generation Australian kindred with typical HHCS(More)
BACKGROUND The final common pathway for open angle glaucoma (OAG) is retinal ganglion cell apoptosis. Polymorphisms in p53, a major regulator of apoptosis, affect the efficiency of cell death induction. Association studies of p53 haplotypes and OAG have had conflicting results. OBJECTIVE To examine the association between p53 haplotypes and OAG in a(More)
PURPOSE Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is the most common subtype. We recently reported association of genetic variants at chromosomal loci, 1q24 and 9p21, with POAG. In this study, we determined association of the most significantly associated single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)(More)
Central corneal thickness (CCT), one of the most highly heritable human traits (h(2) typically>0.9), is important for the diagnosis of glaucoma and a potential risk factor for glaucoma susceptibility. We conducted genome-wide association studies in five cohorts from Australia and the United Kingdom (total N = 5058). Three cohorts were based on individually(More)
PURPOSE To investigate in Australian patients with glaucoma and normal controls the prevalence and associated phenotype of the WDR36 D658G mutation, which has previously been suggested to be a disease-causing mutation in pedigrees with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). DESIGN Case-control study. METHODS Two hundred forty-nine individuals with POAG and(More)