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BACKGROUND Hyaluronic acid and onabotulinumtoxinA combination therapy has been shown to have greater clinical effectiveness than hyaluronic acid alone for glabellar furrowing, but this is not well documented for melomental fold rhytides. OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of intradermal cross-linked hyaluronic acid (HA) and onabotulinumtoxinA combination… (More)
Chronic regional impairments of the lymphatic circulation often lead to striking architectural abnormalities in the lymphedematous tissues. Lymphedema is a common, disabling disease that currently lacks a cure. Vascular endothelial growth factors C and D mediate lymphangiogenesis through the VEGFR-3 receptor on lymphatic endothelia. The purpose of this… (More)
BACKGROUND Loose, lax skin is a common cosmetic complaint. Previous non-invasive skin tightening devices had modest efficacy and were associated with pain or downtime. New technologies may allow for effective skin tightening with a series of radiofrequency (RF) treatments with no downtime. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a novel bipolar… (More)
The human microbiome has recently gained prominence as a major factor in health and disease. Here we review the literature regarding the microbiome and cancer and suggest how the microbiome may be manipulated for improved health outcomes. The gut microbiome has been relatively well studied, and the mechanisms of how it may increase or decrease the risk of… (More)
Melasma is an acquired hypermelanosis that typically affects sun-exposed areas on the face and presents as symmetric brownish macules and patches. It is most commonly reported in women and thought to be related to the effects of estrogen and progesterone on melanocytes. Since the advent of finasteride 1mg daily tablets for the treatment of androgenic… (More)
A 10-year-old girl presented with a new onset bilateral suborbital rash. Dermatologic examination revealed violaceous, non-tender, well-demarcated patches with an atypical distribution and pigmentation. After further investigation, a diagnosis of Munchausen syndrome was made and the patient was referred to her primary care provider for further management.
BACKGROUND Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are lymphoid proliferations that can develop in recipients of solid organ or allogeneic bone marrow transplants. They are clinically and pathologically heterogeneous and range from polyclonal hyperplastic lesions to malignant lymphomas. Although extranodal involvement in PTLD is common,… (More)