Learn More
Unactivated peripheral blood leukocytes show little tendency to bind to other cells or matrix components, whilst, in the presence of inflammatory mediators, adhesive interactions can rapidly increase. The Leu-CAM (beta 2 integrin) family of adhesion molecules have been shown to mediate a variety of these induced adhesion events. Here we describe a(More)
The mucosal vascular addressin, MAdCAM-1, is an immunoglobulin superfamily adhesion molecule for lymphocytes that is expressed by mucosal venules and helps direct lymphocyte traffic into Peyer's patches (PP) and the intestinal lamina propria. We demonstrate that the lymphocyte integrin alpha 4 beta 7, also implicated in homing to PP, is a receptor for(More)
Beta 7 is expressed on subsets of thymocytes, while T and B lymphocytes show heterogeneous expression of beta 7. Here, we examine the phenotype of the thymocyte and lymphocyte subsets which express alpha 4 beta 7 and alpha E beta 7 using mAb against alpha E, beta 7 and mAb DATK32 which recognizes a combinatiorial epitope on alpha 4 beta 7+ thymocytes have a(More)
Lymphocytes that are responsible for regional (tissue-specific) immunity home from the blood to the intestines, inflamed skin or other sites through a multistep process involving recognition of vascular endothelial cells and extravasation. Chemoattractant cytokine molecules known as chemokines regulate this lymphocyte traffic, in part by triggering arrest(More)
STRL33/BONZO/TYMSTR is an orphan chemokine and HIV/SIV coreceptor receptor that is expressed on activated T lymphocytes. We describe an expression cloning strategy whereby we isolated a novel chemokine, which we name CXCL16. CXCL16 is an alpha (CXC) chemokine but also has characteristics of CC chemokines and a structure similar to fractalkine (neurotactin)(More)
Platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1; CD31), a member of the Ig superfamily, is expressed strongly at endothelial cell-cell junctions, on platelets, and on most leukocytes. CD31 has been postulated to play a role in vasculogenesis and angiogenesis, and has been implicated as a key mediator of the transendothelial migration of leukocytes.(More)
Lymphocyte recirculation through different organs is thought to be regulated by adhesion molecules ("homing receptors") recognizing tissue-specific vascular addressins on endothelium. Here we show that the alpha 4/beta 7-integrin has a key role in the migration of mouse lymphocytes to mucosal sites. Homing to Peyer's patches but not to peripheral lymph(More)
CCR4, a chemokine receptor for macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC) and thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC), has been implicated as a preferential marker for Th2 lymphocytes. Following in vitro polarization protocols, most Th2 lymphocytes express CCR4 and respond to its ligands TARC and MDC, whereas Th1 lymphocytes express CXC chemokine receptor(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Thymus-expressed chemokine (TECK) or CCL25) is selectively expressed in the small bowel (SB), where lamina propria lymphocytes (LPL) and intraepithelial leukocyte expressing the cognate chemokine receptor CCR9 predominate. We characterize the role of TECK and CCR9-expresing lymphocytes in small intestinal Crohn's disease. METHODS CCR9(More)
CD34 is expressed on the surface of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells, stromal cells, and on the surface of high-endothelial venules (HEV). CD34 binds L-selectin, an adhesion molecule important for leukocyte rolling on venules and lymphocyte homing to peripheral lymph nodes (PLN). We generated CD34-deficient mutant animals through the use of homologous(More)