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Aspartate transcarbamylase (ATCase) initiates the pyrimidine biosynthetic pathway in Escherichia coli. Binding of aspartate to this allosteric enzyme induces a cooperative transition between the tensed (T) and relaxed (R) states of the enzyme which involves large quaternary and tertiary rearrangements. The mechanisms of the transmission of the regulatory(More)
Aspartate transcarbamylase (ATCase) is an important control enzyme in the pyrimidine biosynthetic pathway in Escherichia coli. It is a classic example of an allosteric protein and has been extensively studied biochemically, kinetically and structurally. As yet, however, a detailed model for the cooperative transition between the tensed (T) and relaxed (R)(More)
Aspartate transcarbamylase (ATCase) is a classic example of an allosteric enzyme. It catalyzes the conversion of aspartate to carbamyl aspartate, which is the first substrate in the biosynthesis of pyrimidines. Although ATCase is well characterized, both structurally and biochemically, little is known at the atomic level about the large amplitude motions(More)
The quality of the results obtained in calculations with the hybrid QM/MM method IMOMM on systems where the heme group is partitioned in QM and MM regions is evaluated through the performance of calculations on the 4-coordinate [Fe(P)] (P = porphyrin), the 5-coordinate [Fe(P)(1 − (Me)Im)] (Im = imidazole) and the 6-coordinate [Fe(P)(1 − (Me)Im)(O 2)](More)
The method of diagonalization in a mixed basis (DIMB) that was published previously (Mouawad.), L. and Perahia D., Biopolymers 33, 599, 1993), allows the computation of the low-frequency vibrational modes for large macromolecules. Improvements to this method are presented here, namely the single and double truncation window techniques. The best convergence(More)
The dielectric properties of proteins are central to their stability and activity. We use the Fröhlich-Kirkwood theory of dielectrics to analyze two 1-ns molecular dynamics simulations of ferro- and ferricytochrome c in spherical droplets of 1400 water molecules. Protein and solvent are idealized as a series of concentric, spherical, dielectric media.(More)
Neutron scattering experiments have demonstrated that binding of the cancer drug methotrexate softens the low-frequency vibrations of its target protein, dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR). Here, this softening is fully reproduced using atomic detail normal-mode analysis. Decomposition of the vibrational density of states demonstrates that the largest(More)
The normal mode analysis of human hemoglobin showed the presence in the deoxy T-state of one main preferential direction that brings the structure close to the R-state, with a low-energy variation, while in the oxy R-state there are several modes that point towards the T-state, but with higher energy variations and less contribution to the transition. The(More)
Better treatment of protein flexibility is essential in structure-based drug design projects such as virtual screening and protein-ligand docking. Diversity in ligand-binding mechanisms and receptor conformational changes makes it difficult to treat dynamic features of the receptor during the docking simulation. Thus, the use of pregenerated multiple(More)
A study of the hinge bending mode in the enzyme liver alcohol dehydrogenase is made by use of empirical energy functions. The enzyme is a dimer, with each monomer composed of a coenzyme binding domain and a catalytic domain with a large cleft between the two. Superposition of the apoenzyme and holoenzyme crystal structures is used to determine a rigid(More)