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We study the effects of RED on the performance of Web browsing with a novel aspect of our work being the use of a user-centric measure of performance - response time for HTTP request-response pairs. We empirically evaluate RED across a range of parameter settings and offered loads. Our results show that: (1) contrary to expectations, compared to a FIFO(More)
We report the results of a large-scale empirical study of web traffic. Our study is based on over 500 GB of TCP/IP protocol-header traces collected in 1999 and 2000 (approximately one year apart) from the high-speed link connecting The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill to its Internet service provider. We also use a set of smaller traces from the(More)
Coronary artery anomalies, some of which are considered clinically insignificant, can be associated with other congenital heart defects, myocardial ischemia, and reduced life expectancy. We conducted a retrospective study to determine the efficacy of surgical treatment in 191 patients who had a total of 202 coronary artery anomalies, which were classified(More)
Integase interactor 1 (INI1), also known as hSNF5, is a protein that interacts with HIV-1 integrase. We report here that a cytoplasmically localized fragment of INI1 (S6; aa183-294) containing the minimal integrase-interaction domain potently inhibits HIV-1 particle production and replication. Mutations in S6 or integrase that disrupt integrase-INI1(More)
BACKGROUND Few large or long-term series exist regarding the management of patients with sinus of Valsalva aneurysms or fistulas (SVAFs). METHODS Between 1956 and 1997, 129 patients presented with a ruptured (64 cases; 49.6%) or nonruptured (65 cases; 50.4%) SVAF. The patients included 88 men and 41 women, with a mean age of 39.1 years. Associated(More)
Over a 25-year period, 58 patients underwent evaluation or surgical treatment of coronary artery fistulas, or both, at our institution. Twenty-one patients had major associated cardiac defects, either congenital or acquired, and 9 had multiple fistulas. Fistulas to the left heart were unusual. Exertional angina and dyspnea were the most common presenting(More)
Coronary-subclavian steal syndrome entails the reversal of blood flow in a previously constructed internal mammary artery coronary conduit, which produces myocardial ischemia. The most frequent cause of the syndrome is atherosclerotic disease in the ipsilateral, proximal subclavian artery. Although coronary-subclavian steal was initially reported to be(More)
Anomalous origination of a coronary artery can have serious, even fatal, consequences. Intravascular ultrasonography has recently provided new insights into anomalous coronary artery origination from the opposite sinus of Valsalva. On the basis of these insights, we describe 3 typical forms of this anomaly with left coronary artery involvement, including(More)
The choice between bioprosthetic or mechanical prosthetic valve replacement for active valvular endocarditis has been controversial. To establish the role of each, we reviewed the case histories of 185 patients who underwent valve replacement for active valvular endocarditis during the past 5 years. All patients had life-threatening, active bacterial(More)
Fetal echocardiography has yet to have an impact on the treatment of congenital heart disease. Critical aortic valve stenosis was diagnosed by echocardiography before birth in a 35 week gestation fetus. The risks to the fetus and mother associated with prolonged rupture of membranes prompted their transport to a hospital with cardiac surgical and high-risk(More)