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The conserved kinases Mps1 and Ipl1/Aurora B are critical for enabling chromosomes to attach to microtubules so that partner chromosomes will be segregated correctly from each other, but the precise roles of these kinases have been unclear. We imaged live yeast cells to elucidate the stages of chromosome-microtubule interactions and their regulation by Ipl1(More)
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) and RNA polymerase II (Pol II) transcription are essential cellular processes which are intimately intertwined. They share an indispensable multiprotein complex, TFIIH, and impairments in either process can impact the efficiency of the other. Like TFIIH, MMS19 is required for NER and Pol II transcription, but its precise(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past thirty years several reports of the pairing or association of non-homologous centromeres during meiotic prophase have appeared in the literature. Recently, the homology-independent pairwise association of centromeres, termed centromere coupling, was also reported in budding yeast. It seems paradoxical that centromeres would pair(More)
In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes become paired and then separate from one another to opposite poles of the spindle. In humans, errors in this process are a leading cause of birth defects, mental retardation, and infertility. In most organisms, crossing-over, or exchange, between the homologous partners provides a link that promotes their proper,(More)
Observations of a wide range of organisms show that the centromeres form associations of pairs or small groups at different stages of meiotic prophase. Little is known about the functions or mechanisms of these associations, but in many cases, synaptonemal complex elements seem to play a fundamental role. Two main associations are observed:(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the expression level of the Wnt components-WIF1 (Wnt inhibitory factor 1), WNT1, and beta-catenin-in salivary gland tumor cells and to investigate the mechanisms that contribute to activation of the Wnt pathway in human salivary gland tumors. DESIGN The expression of WIF1, WNT1, and beta-catenin in salivary gland normal tissue and(More)
Sjögren's syndrome is a poorly understood autoimmune inflammatory illness that affects the salivary and lacrimal glands as well as other organ systems. We undertook the present study to determine whether mice immunized with short peptides from the 60-kDa Ro (or SSA) Ag, which is a common target of the autoimmunity of Sjögren's syndrome, develop an illness(More)
In meiosis I, chromosomes become paired with their homologous partners and then are pulled toward opposite poles of the spindle. In the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in early meiotic prophase, centromeres are observed to associate in pairs in a homology-independent manner; a process called centromere coupling. Later, as homologous chromosomes(More)
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that primarily affects the lacrimal and salivary glands causing dry eyes and mouth. Antibodies to Ro60 are observed frequently in patients with SS; however, the role of these antibodies in SS initiation and progression remains unclear. The sequence Ro60 273-289 (Ro274) is a known B cell epitope(More)
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