David O. Ulaeto

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Gel analysis of vaccinia virus particles purified by buoyant [correction of bouyant] density demonstrates a protein with an estimated molecular mass of 59 kDa, which is apparently restricted to the intracellular mature virion (IMV) form. Western blotting (immunoblotting) and immunoprecipitation procedures identify the protein as the vaccinia virus 4c(More)
Computer-assisted alignment of known palmitylproteins was used to identify a potential peptide motif, TMDX1-12AAC(C)A (TMD, transmembrane domain; X, any amino acid; C, cysteine acceptor residues; A, aliphatic residue) responsible for directing internal palmitylation of the vaccinia virus 37-kDa major envelope antigen, p37. Site-directed mutagenesis was used(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have therapeutic potential, particularly for localized infections such as those of the lung. Here we show that airway administration of a pegylated AMP minimizes lung tissue toxicity while nevertheless maintaining antimicrobial activity. CaLL, a potent synthetic AMP (KWKLFKKIFKRIVQRIKDFLR) comprising fragments of LL-37 and(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are a naturally occurring component of the innate immune response of many organisms and can have activity against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial species. In order to optimize and improve the direct antimicrobial effect of AMPs against a broad spectrum of bacterial species, novel synthetic hybrids were rationally(More)
There is currently considerable concern about the vulnerability of human populations to biowarfare or bioterrorist attacks with variola virus (VARV). Traditional smallpox vaccines were manufactured using the lymph of ruminants infected with the vaccinia virus (VACV). However, these production methods do not meet current standards for vaccines, especially(More)
 Alignment of vaccinia and variola virus genomes has highlighted some targets that display diversity. We have investigated the sequence diversity of two viral membrane protein genes from 36 different orthopoxvirus (OPV) strains to evaluate the suitability of these loci to differentiate between OPV species. Orthologs of the vaccinia virus Copenhagen A13L(More)
The fungal metabolite Brefeldin A was found to inhibit the production of the infectious enveloped form of vaccinia virus, although production of the infectious intracellular form was not affected. Electron microscopic analysis and caesium chloride density centrifugation of progeny virions indicates that the drug block is not due to retention and(More)
DNA vaccines might offer an alternative to the live smallpox vaccine in providing protective efficacy in an orthopoxvirus (OPV) lethal respiratory challenge model. BALB/c mice were immunised with DNA vaccines coding for 10 different single vaccinia virus (VACV) membrane proteins. After an intranasal challenge with the VACV IHD strain, three gene candidates(More)
Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE) virus is an important human and veterinary pathogen of Central and South America. The virus can cause widespread epidemics, affecting hundreds of thousands of horses, and thousands of humans. Detection of the virus early in infection and in mosquito populations may allow epidemics to be predicted such that suitable(More)
Early activation of the innate immune response is important for protection against infection with Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain (LVS) in mice. The human cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide LL-37 is known to have immunomodulatory properties, and therefore exogenously administered LL-37 may be suitable as an early post-exposure therapy to protect(More)