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The affinities of olanzapine, clozapine, haloperidol, and four potential antipsychotics were compared on binding to the neuronal receptors of a number of neurotransmitters. In both rat tissues and cell lines transfected with human receptors olanzapine had high affinity for dopamine D1, D2, D4, serotonin (5HT)2A, 5HT2C, 5HT3, alpha 1-adrenergic, histamine(More)
According to the amyloid cascade hypothesis, cerebral deposition of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) is critical for Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Aβ generation is initiated when β-secretase (BACE1) cleaves the amyloid precursor protein. For more than a decade, BACE1 has been a prime target for designing drugs to prevent or treat AD. However, development of(More)
Functional gamma-secretase inhibitors (FGSIs) can block the cleavage of several transmembrane proteins including amyloid precursor protein (APP), and the cell fate regulator Notch-1. FGSIs, by inhibiting APP processing, block the generation of amyloid beta (Abeta) peptides and may slow the development of Alzheimer's disease. FGSIs used to inhibit APP(More)
The interactions of the atypical antipsychotic drugs (APD) clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone, quetiapine and ziprasidone with muscarinic receptors were reviewed. Only clozapine and olanzapine have marked affinity for muscarinic receptors in radioligand binding studies; however, the affinity of these compounds is considerably lower than classical muscarinic(More)
Olanzapine, an atypical antipsychotic, has a broad receptor binding profile, which may account for its pharmacological effects in schizophrenia. In vitro receptor binding studies showed a high affinity for dopamine D2, D3, and D4 receptors; all 5-HT2 receptor subtypes and the 5-HT6 receptor; muscarinic receptors, especially the M1 subtype: and alpha(More)
Group II metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor agonists, including (1S,2S,5R,6S)-2-aminobicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-2,6-dicarboxylate monohydrate (LY354740) and (-)-2-oxa-4-aminobicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-4,6-dicarboxylate (LY379268), have demonstrated efficacy in animal models of anxiety and schizophrenia, and LY354740 decreased anxiety in human subjects. Herein, we(More)
Xanomeline [3(3-hexyloxy-1,2,5-thiadiazol-4-yl)-1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-1- methylpyridine] has been evaluated as a muscarinic receptor agonist. In vitro, xanomeline had high affinity for muscarinic receptors in brain homogenates, but had substantially less or no affinity for a number of other neurotransmitter receptors and uptake sites. In cells stably(More)
Group II metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor agonists were efficacious in randomized clinical research trials for schizophrenia and generalized anxiety disorder. The regional quantification of mGlu(2) and mGlu(3) receptors remains unknown. A selective and structurally novel mGlu(2/3) receptor agonist, 2-amino-4-fluorobicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-2,6-dicarboxylic(More)
Fourteen substituted derivatives of kynurenic acid were compared for their ability to block ionic currents evoked by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) plus glycine, or kainate, in voltage-clamped Xenopus oocytes injected with rat brain messenger RNA. Among these analogues there was an excellent correlation between the Ki for displacing [3H]glycine binding to rat(More)
The excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate has been implicated in both migraine and persistent pain. The identification of the kainate receptor GLU(K5) in dorsal root ganglia, the dorsal horn, and trigeminal ganglia makes it a target of interest for these indications. We examined the in vitro and in vivo pharmacology of the competitive GLU(K5)-selective(More)