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The loss of cardiac pump function accounts for a significant increase in both mortality and morbidity in Western society, where there is currently a one in four lifetime risk, and costs associated with acute and long-term hospital treatments are accelerating. The significance of cardiac disease has motivated the application of state-of-the-art clinical(More)
Experimental data and advanced imaging techniques are increasingly enabling the extraction of detailed vascular anatomy from biological tissues. Incorporation of anatomical data within perfusion models is non-trivial, due to heterogeneous vessel density and disparate radii scales. Furthermore, previous idealised networks have assumed a spatially repeating(More)
Cubic Hermite meshes provide an efficient representation of anatomy, and are useful for simulating soft tissue mechanics. However, their personalization can be a complex, time consuming and labour-intensive process. This paper presents a method based on image registration and using an existing template for deriving a patient-specific cubic Hermite mesh. Its(More)
In-silico continuum simulations of organ and tissue scale physiology often require a discretisation or mesh of the solution domain. Cubic Hermite meshes provide a smooth representation of anatomy that is well-suited for simulating large deformation mechanics. Models of organ mechanics and deformation have demonstrated significant potential for clinical(More)
The evaluation of cardiovascular velocities, their changes through the cardiac cycle and the consequent pressure gradients has the capacity to improve understanding of subject-specific blood flow in relation to adjacent soft tissue movements. Magnetic resonance time-resolved 3D phase contrast velocity acquisitions (4D flow) represent an emerging technology(More)
In this study, we review the development and application of multi-physics and multi-scale coupling in the construction of whole-heart physiological models. Through an examination of recent computational modelling developments, we analyse the significance of coupling mechanisms for the increased understanding of cardiac function in the areas of(More)
This paper presents a patient customised fluid-solid mechanics model of the left ventricle (LV) supported by a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). Six simulations were conducted across a range of LVAD flow protocols (constant flow, sinusoidal in-sync and sinusoidal counter-sync with respect to the cardiac cycle) at two different LVAD flow rates selected(More)
In this paper, we look at the acceleration of weakly coupled electromechanics using the graphics processing unit (GPU). Specifically, we port to the GPU a number of components of CHeart--a CPU-based finite element code developed for simulating multi-physics problems. On the basis of a criterion of computational cost, we implemented on the GPU the ODE and(More)