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BACKGROUND Clinical scores of mammographic breast density are highly subjective. Automated technologies for mammography exist to quantify breast density objectively, but the technique that most accurately measures the quantity of breast fibroglandular tissue is not known. PURPOSE To compare the agreement of three automated mammographic techniques for(More)
Previous studies indicate that Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients exhibit deficits in tests of explicit memory such as free recall, but show normal priming on implicit tests of memory such as word stem completion. However, the memory performance of patients with different MS disease subtypes has not been fully examined. In the current study, memory was(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of the lumbar spine could improve diagnostic specificity. The purpose of this work was to determine the feasibility of and to validate DTI with single-shot fast spin-echo (SSFSE) for lumbar intervertebral discs at 1.5 and 3 T. Six normal volunteers were scanned with DTI-SSFSE using an eight- and a three-b-value protocol at 1.5(More)
T(1rho) describes the spin-lattice relaxation in the rotating frame and has been proposed for detecting damage to the cartilage collagen-proteoglycan matrix in osteoarthritis. In this study, a multi-slice T(1rho) imaging method for knee cartilage was developed using spin-lock techniques and a spiral imaging sequence. The adverse effect of T(1) regrowth(More)
High resolution magnetic resonance (MR) techniques combined with standard techniques of stereology and texture analysis have been used to quantify trabecular structure. Using dried excised specimens from the tibia (n = 10) and radius (n = 2) we evaluate the impact of using volumetric gradient-echo (GE) and spin-echo (SE) MR imaging sequences, the relative(More)
PURPOSE Characterize system-specific bias across common magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) platforms for quantitative diffusion measurements in multicenter trials. METHODS Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) was performed on an ice-water phantom along the superior-inferior (SI) and right-left (RL) orientations spanning ± 150 mm. The same scanning protocol was(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Normal-appearing stromal tissues surrounding breast tumors can harbor abnormalities that lead to increased risk of local recurrence. The objective of this study was to develop a new imaging methodology to characterize the signal patterns of stromal tissue and to investigate their association with recurrence-free survival following(More)
Our purpose in this study was (i) to measure trabecular bone structure using fractal analysis of distal radius radiographs in subjects with and without osteoporotic hip fractures, and (ii) to compare these measures with bone mineral density (BMD) as well as with measures of trabecular bone structure derived from high resolution magnetic resonance (MR)(More)
PURPOSE To use high-spatial-resolution magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to analyze the trabecular bone structure of the calcaneus in patients before and after heart transplantation and to compare this technique with bone mineral density (BMD) measurement in predicting therapy-induced bone loss and vertebral fracture status. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
An accurate measurement of the transverse relaxation time T(2), and the histogram of T(2) in the brain parenchyma can be accomplished in vivo using a multi-echo magnetic resonance imaging sequence. An estimate of the error in the T(2) measurement is derived using copper sulfate doped water phantoms. Correction factors are calculated and applied to the(More)