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PURPOSE To test for apoptotic photoreceptor cell death and caspase activation as a function of time after induction of an experimental retinal detachment. METHODS Retinal detachments were created in Brown Norway rats by injecting 10% hyaluronic acid into the subretinal space using a transvitreous approach. Light microscopy and terminal dUTP-biotin nick(More)
PURPOSE To assess the survival of rod precursor cells transplanted into the Rd9 mouse, a model of X-linked retinal degeneration, and the effect of antiapoptotic therapy with X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) on preventing cell loss. METHODS Dissociated retinal cells from P4 Nrlp-GFP mice were transplanted into the subretinal space of 2-, 5-, and(More)
The unicellular green alga (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii maintains sensitivity of its phototaxis response (alignment of swimming direction along the axis of a light beam) over several orders of magnitude of light intensities. It is widely accepted that the rotation of the swimming cell provides temporal comparisons of light intensities via periodic contrast(More)
PURPOSE Despite the high metabolic demands of the neural retina, its detachment from the retinal pigment epithelium does not lead to immediate death for most of the cells. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that intrinsic protective mechanisms are activated in the neural retina during early stages of retinal detachment. METHODS Retinal(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the FAS-mediated apoptosis pathway becomes activated in the retina after retinal detachment and to investigate the temporal relationship between the activation of the FAS-pathway and the intrinsic apoptosis pathway involving caspase-9 and cytochrome c. METHODS Experimental retinal detachments were created in Brown-Norway rats(More)
PURPOSE To examine the activation of autophagy and its relationship to Fas-mediated photoreceptor apoptosis during experimental retinal detachment. METHODS Retina-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) separation was created in Brown-Norway rats by subretinal injection of 1% hyaluronic acid and the intraretinal levels of the autophagy proteins LC3 and Atg5, the(More)
PURPOSE To develop a model of verteporfin photodynamic therapy (PDT) for experimental choroidal neovascularization CNV in the rat. METHODS A laser injury model was used to induce experimental CNV in rats. The transit and accumulation of the photosensitizer verteporfin was assessed angiographically in CNV lesions, to determine the optimal time for delivery(More)
Purpose. To test the effect of a small peptide inhibitor (Met12) of the Fas receptor on the activation of extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis pathways after retinal detachment. Methods. Retinal-RPE separation was created in Brown Norway rats by subretinal injection of 1% hyaluronic acid. Met12, derived from the Fas-binding extracellular domain of the(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that interleukin (IL)-6 prevents photoreceptor cell death during periods of retinal separation from the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). METHODS Retinal-RPE separation was created in wild-type C57BL mice, IL-6(-/-) mice, and Brown Norway rats by subretinal injection of 1% hyaluronic acid. In some animals, anti-IL-6(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the ability of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) gene therapy to provide neuroprotection to cells of the outer nuclear layer (ONL) of the retina after retinal detachment. METHODS Subretinal injections of a recombinant adenoassociated virus (rAAV) encoding either XIAP or green fluorescent protein (GFP; injection control) were(More)