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A major goal of microarray experiments is to determine which genes are differentially expressed between samples. Differential expression has been assessed by taking ratios of expression levels of different samples at a spot on the array and flagging spots (genes) where the magnitude of the fold difference exceeds some threshold. More recent work has(More)
Metaplastic breast cancers (MBC) are aggressive, chemoresistant tumors characterized by lineage plasticity. To advance understanding of their pathogenesis and relatedness to other breast cancer subtypes, 28 MBCs were compared with common breast cancers using comparative genomic hybridization, transcriptional profiling, and reverse-phase protein arrays and(More)
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether comprehensive transcriptional profiles (TPs) can be obtained from single-passage fine-needle aspirations (FNAs) of breast cancer and to explore whether profiles capture routine clinicopathological parameters. Experimental Design: Expression profiles were available on 38 patients with stage I-III(More)
Microarray experiments involve many steps, including spotting cDNA, extracting RNA, labeling targets, hybridizing, scanning, and analyzing images. Each step introduces variability, confounding our ability to obtain accurate estimates of the biological differences between samples. We ran repeated experiments using high-density cDNA microarray membranes(More)
Suggested molecular mechanisms for the generation of new tandem repeats of simple sequences indicate that the microsatellite loci evolve via some of forward-backward mutation. We provide a mathematical basis for suggesting a measure of genetic distance between populations based on microsatellite variation. Our results indicate that such a genetic distance(More)
BACKGROUND Activating somatic mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) confer unique biologic features to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, but the transcriptional mediators of EGFR in this subgroup of NSCLC have not been fully elucidated. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Here we used genetic and pharmacologic approaches to elucidate the(More)
Pulmonary fibrosis is a significant complication in cancer patients when treated by radiation, e.g., thoracic malignant diseases, or chemotherapeutic agents. Bleomycin is one of the primary drugs used to treat testicular cancer, but the incidence of significant pulmonary fibrosis limits the dose. It is known that susceptibility to bleomycin-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Announcements of interim analyses of a clinical trial convey information about the results beyond the trial's Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB). The amount of information conveyed may be minimal, but the fact that none of the trial's stopping boundaries has been crossed implies that the experimental therapy is neither extremely effective nor(More)
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