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Since the first characterization of the population genetic properties of repeat polymorphisms, the number of short tandem repeat (STR) loci validated for forensic use has now grown to at least 13. Worldwide variations of allele frequencies at these loci have been studied, showing that variations of interpopulation diversity at these loci do not compromise(More)
Using the generalized stepwise mutation model, we propose a method of estimating the relative mutation rates of microsatellite loci, grouped by the repeat motif. Applying ANOVA to the distributions of the allele sizes at microsatellite loci from a set of populations, grouped by repeat motif types, we estimated the effect of population size differences and(More)
A major goal of microarray experiments is to determine which genes are differentially expressed between samples. Differential expression has been assessed by taking ratios of expression levels of different samples at a spot on the array and flagging spots (genes) where the magnitude of the fold difference exceeds some threshold. More recent work has(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the transcriptosome of early-passage nonlesional dermal fibroblasts from systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients with diffuse disease and matched normal controls in order to gain further understanding of the gene activation patterns that occur in early disease. METHODS Total RNA was isolated from early-passage fibroblasts obtained from(More)
Metaplastic breast cancers (MBC) are aggressive, chemoresistant tumors characterized by lineage plasticity. To advance understanding of their pathogenesis and relatedness to other breast cancer subtypes, 28 MBCs were compared with common breast cancers using comparative genomic hybridization, transcriptional profiling, and reverse-phase protein arrays and(More)
Application of powerful, high-throughput genomics technologies is becoming more common and these technologies are evolving at a rapid pace. Genomics facilities are being established in major research institutions to produce inexpensive, customized cDNA microarrays that are accessible to researchers in a broad range of fields. These high-throughput platforms(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to analyze global gene expression changes in serial tumor core biopsy specimens taken during neoadjuvant chemotherapy for primary breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Core biopsy specimens from tumors were obtained before treatment and 24 and/or 48 hours after treatment from 21 women who were beginning chemotherapy for(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine whether comprehensive transcriptional profiles (TPs) can be obtained from single-passage fine-needle aspirations (FNAs) of breast cancer and to explore whether profiles capture routine clinicopathological parameters. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Expression profiles were available on 38 patients with stage I-III(More)
Microarray experiments involve many steps, including spotting cDNA, extracting RNA, labeling targets, hybridizing, scanning, and analyzing images. Each step introduces variability, confounding our ability to obtain accurate estimates of the biological differences between samples. We ran repeated experiments using high-density cDNA microarray membranes(More)
Although gonadotropins and androgen are required for normal spermatogenesis and both testosterone and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) are responsible for the inhibition of spermatogonial differentiation that occurs in irradiated rats, it has been difficult to identify the specific genes involved. To study specific hormonally regulated changes in somatic(More)