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It is currently unclear whether aging alters the perfusion of active muscles during large-muscle dynamic exercise in humans. To study this issue, direct measurements of leg blood flow (femoral vein thermodilution) and systemic arterial pressure during submaximal cycle ergometry (70, 140, and 210 W) were compared between six younger (Y; 22-30 yr) and six(More)
The role of skeletal muscle mass in the age-associated decline in maximal O2 uptake (VO2max) is poorly defined because of confounding changes in muscle oxidative capacity and in body fat and the difficulty of quantifying active muscle mass during exercise. We attempted to clarify these issues by examining the relationship between several indexes of muscle(More)
An open-circuit (OpCirc) acetylene uptake cardiac output (QT) method was modified for use during exercise. Two computational techniques were used. OpCirc1 was based on the integrated uptake vs. end-tidal change in acetylene, and OpCirc2 was based on an iterative finite difference modeling method. Six subjects [28-44 yr, peak oxygen consumption (VO(2)) =(More)
Our previous work suggests that healthy human aging is associated with sex-specific differences in leg vascular responses during large muscle mass exercise (2-legged cycling) (Proctor DN, Parker BA. Microcirculation 13: 315-327, 2006). The present study determined whether age x sex interactions in exercising leg hemodynamics persist during small muscle mass(More)
Limb vascular conductance responses to pharmacological and nonexercise vasodilator stimuli are generally augmented in women compared with men. In the present investigation, we tested the hypothesis that exercise-induced vasodilator responses are also greater in women than men. Sixteen women and 15 men (20-30 yr) with similar fitness and activity levels(More)
Sarcopenia of aging is not explained entirely on the basis of age-associated reduced physical activity. Progressive neuromuscular changes and diminishing anabolic hormone levels are thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of sarcopenia. Decline in muscle mass indicates a decline in muscle protein content. Recent studies demonstrated an age-related decline(More)
It is presently unclear how gender, aging, and physical activity status interact to determine the magnitude of the rise in cardiac output (Qc) during dynamic exercise. To clarify this issue, the present study examined the Qc-O2 uptake (Vo2) relationship during graded leg cycle ergometry in 30 chronically endurance-trained subjects from four groups (n =(More)
Insulin resistance increases and muscle oxidative capacity decreases during aging, but lifestyle changes-especially physical activity-may reverse these trends. Here we report the effect of a 16-week aerobic exercise program (n = 65) or control activity (n = 37) performed by men and women aged 21-87 years on insulin sensitivity and muscle mitochondria.(More)
1. We sought to determine whether the vasodilating molecule nitric oxide (NO) contributes to the forearm hyperaemia observed during prolonged rhythmic handgripping in humans. 2. Two bouts of exercise were performed during experimental protocols conducted on separate days. During each protocol the subject performed a 10 min and a 20 min bout of rhythmic (30(More)
The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that leg blood flow responses during leg cycle ergometry are reduced with age in healthy non-estrogen-replaced women. Thirteen younger (20-27 yr) and thirteen older (61-71 yr) normotensive, non-endurance-trained women performed both graded and constant-load bouts of leg cycling at the same absolute(More)