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Laminectomy or facetectomy of the cervical spine, or both, may be needed for decompression of the spinal cord or of the nerve-roots. Acute stability of the cervical spine was tested after laminectomy and progressive staged foraminotomies in an in vitro model. Twelve cervical spines from human cadavera were used in the experiment. Biomechanical testing(More)
STUDY DESIGN In vitro biomechanical testing was performed on eight lumbar calf spines. OBJECTIVES To compare the initial stiffness of a standard method of posterior lumbar interbody fusion using structural autograft with the same procedure using additional posterior instrumentation. These constructs also were compared to a new titanium implant. SUMMARY(More)
Human cadaveric occipitocervical specimens were implanted with three types of instrumentation. The devices were tested biomechanically under three modes of loading to determine the stiffness of spinal constructs and the failure mechanisms of the constructs under extreme flexion. The devices tested were the AXIS Fixation System (with custom plate), the(More)
In lumbar fusion, controversy remains regarding the effectiveness of cross-linking and the necessity of placing pedicle screws at the intermediate levels of the segment to be fused. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the stiffness of various rod/screw constructs used to instrument a three-level fusion with specific emphasis on the effect of(More)
STUDY DESIGN To evaluate the fatigue strength and stiffness of four anterior thoracolumbar fixation devices using a corpectomy model without load-sharing bone graft to test the devices under the worst case scenario of instability. OBJECTIVES To gain a more thorough understanding of the biomechanical qualities of anterior fixation devices to improve(More)
This study evaluated biomechanical properties of healing ligament following subfailure (grade II) injury by comparing young and mature animals in a rat lateral collateral ligament (LCL) model. One randomly selected LCL was stretched in situ using a custom designed device in eighteen young (21 days) and eighteen skeletally mature (8 months) male rats.(More)
A portion of the cervical facet joint must be resected to expose and decompress cervical nerve roots from a posterior approach. When posterior fusion is performed, it is common to remove the facet capsule only for the joints being fused. This study was performed to examine the effect of resection of the facet capsule alone, without disruption of the bony(More)
This study was designed to correlate several parameters regarding pedicle screw bone/metal interface strength. The insertional torque measured during tapping and placement of pedicle screws was correlated with the bone mineral density of the vertebral body, the dimensions of the pedicle, the method of preparation of the pedicle, and the amount of load and(More)
Reconstructive microsurgery is performed to reattach, transfer, or transplant body tissues. Venous congestion is a complication that threatens the viability of the affected tissue and is often treated with medicinal leeches. Leech therapy has two phases: active bloodletting and passive bleeding from the leech wound after detachment, which can last for(More)
STUDY DESIGN This study was designed to evaluate the biomechanical performance of 5 different cross-link brands to determine which design characteristics are biomechanically desirable. METHODS The Cotrel-Dubousset, Isola, Puno Winter Byrd, Rogozinski, and Texas Scottish Rite Hospital systems were assembled to vertebral models according to the(More)