David N Haylock

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Although recent data suggests that osteoblasts play a key role within the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) niche, the mechanisms underpinning this remain to be fully defined. The studies described herein examine the role in hematopoiesis of Osteopontin (Opn), a multidomain, phosphorylated glycoprotein, synthesized by osteoblasts, with well-described roles in(More)
Mobilized progenitor cells currently represent the most commonly used source of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) to effect hematopoietic reconstitution following myeloablative chemotherapies. Despite their widespread use, the molecular mechanisms responsible for the enforced egress of HPCs from the bone marrow (BM) into the circulation in response to(More)
The mechanisms responsible for the maintenance of pluripotency in human embryonic stem cells, and those that drive their commitment into particular differentiation lineages, are poorly understood. In fact, even our knowledge of the phenotype of hESC is limited, because the immunological and molecular criteria presently used to define this phenotype describe(More)
''It seems more than ever likely that blood-derived stem tive capacity. 47-49 In the allogeneic setting, mobilized blood cells have also been used instead of BM. 50 Umbilical cord cells will replace marrow for many indications. .. '' or placental blood cells are another source of hematopoietic cells for transplantation 51 but are outside the scope of this(More)
Previous studies revealed that mAb BB9 reacts with a subset of CD34(+) human BM cells with hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) characteristics. Here we map BB9 expression throughout hematopoietic development and show that the earliest definitive HSCs that arise at the ventral wall of the aorta and surrounding endothelial cells are BB9(+). Thereafter, BB9 is(More)
Hemopoietic stem cells (HSCs) reside within a specified area of the bone marrow (BM) cavity called a "niche" that modulates HSC quiescence, proliferation, differentiation, and migration. Our previous studies have identified the endosteal BM region as the site for the HSC niche and demonstrated that hemopoietic stem and progenitor populations (HSPCs, LSK)(More)
Osteopontin (OPN), a multifunctional acidic glycoprotein, expressed by osteoblasts within the endosteal region of the bone marrow (BM) suppresses the proliferation of hemopoietic stem and progenitor cells and also regulates their lodgment within the BM after transplantation. Herein we demonstrate that OPN cleavage fragments are the most abundant forms of(More)
Infusions of ex vivo-expanded (EXE) mobilized blood cells have been explored to enhance haematopoietic recovery following high dose chemotherapy (HDT). However, prior studies have not consistently demonstrated improvements in trilineage haematopoietic recovery. Three cohorts of three patients with breast cancer received three cycles of repetitive HDT(More)
Since the first successful cord blood transplant was performed in 1988 there has been a gradual increase in the use of cord blood for hemopoietic stem cell transplantation. Worldwide, over 8,000 unrelated cord blood transplants have been performed with the majority being for children with hemopoietic malignancies. Transplantation for adults has increased(More)