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Hirschsprung disease (HD) has been described in association with microcephaly, mental retardation and characteristic facial features, delineating a syndrome possibly caused by mutations localized at chromosome 2q22--q23. We have analyzed a de novo translocation breakpoint at 2q22 in one patient presenting with this syndrome, and identified a gene, SIP1,(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to investigate the role of epilepsy in psychopathology among an epidemiological sample of young people with intellectual disability (ID). The study also compared behavioural and emotional problems in young people on medication to control their epilepsy with those not on medication, and young people with epilepsy who were having(More)
OBJECTIVE The collagen VI muscular dystrophies, Bethlem myopathy and Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy, form a continuum of clinical phenotypes. Glycine mutations in the triple helix have been identified in both Bethlem and Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy, but it is not known why they cause these different phenotypes. METHODS We studied eight(More)
BACKGROUND A significant component of the variation in cognitive disability that is observed in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is known to be under genetic regulation. In this study we report correlations between standardised measures of intelligence and mutational class, mutation size, mutation location and the involvement of dystrophin isoforms. (More)
The syntrophins and dystrobrevins are members of the dystrophin-associated protein complex, and are thought to function as modular adaptors for signalling proteins recruited to the sarcolemmal membrane. We have characterised the expression of the syntrophins (alpha-, beta1-, and beta2-) and alpha-dystrobrevin by immunohistochemistry in normal human muscle(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the most useful clinical and histologic markers that facilitate early diagnosis in LMNA-related muscular dystrophy and to assess the usefulness of Western blotting (WB) for lamin A/C. METHODS We analyzed the clinical and histologic features and WB results of all patients with laminopathies diagnosed in a research-based diagnostic(More)
Disorders of sex development (DSD) are congenital conditions in which chromosomal, gonadal, or phenotypic sex is atypical. Clinical management of DSD is often difficult and currently only 13% of patients receive an accurate clinical genetic diagnosis. To address this we have developed a massively parallel sequencing targeted DSD gene panel which allows us(More)
Congenital cataracts are a significant cause of lifelong visual loss. They may be isolated or associated with microcornea, microphthalmia, anterior segment dysgenesis (ASD) and glaucoma, and there can be syndromic associations. Genetic diagnosis is challenging due to marked genetic heterogeneity. In this study, next-generation sequencing (NGS) of 32(More)
With the advent of whole exome sequencing, cases where no pathogenic coding mutations can be found are increasingly being observed in many diseases. In two large, distantly-related families that mapped to the Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy CMTX3 locus at chromosome Xq26.3-q27.3, all coding mutations were excluded. Using whole genome sequencing we found a(More)