Learn More
Lipocortin-85 (L-85, calpactin-I/lipocortin-II heterotetramer) binds to F-actin in the presence of calcium with high affinity and in a cooperative manner. Quantitative analysis of binding curves indicate an apparent Kd (L-85) of 0.226 microM +/- 0.153 (2 S.D., n = 3), a stoichiometry of L-85/actin of 1:1.9 and a Hill coefficient of 1.37 +/- 0.14 (2 S.D., n(More)
The annexins are a family of proteins that bind acidic phospholipids in the presence of Ca2+. The interaction of these proteins with biological membranes has led to the suggestion that these proteins may play a role in membrane trafficking events such as exocytosis, endocytosis and cell-cell adhesion. One member of the annexin family, annexin II, has been(More)
Annexin II heterotetramer (AIIt) is a multifunctional Ca(2+)-binding protein composed of two 11-kDa subunits and two annexin II subunits. The annexin II subunit contains the binding sites for anionic phospholipids, heparin, and F-actin, whereas the p11 subunit provides a regulatory function. The F-actin-binding site is presently unknown. In the present(More)
The defining characteristic of a tumor cell is its ability to escape the constraints imposed by neighboring cells, invade the surrounding tissue and metastasize to distant sites. This invasive property of tumor cells is dependent on activation of proteinases at the cell surface. The serine proteinase plasmin is one of the key proteinases that participate in(More)
Annexin A2 (ANXA2) is a Ca(2+)-binding protein that is up-regulated in virally transformed cell lines and in human tumors. Here, we show that ANXA2 binds directly to both ribonucleotide homopolymers and human c-myc RNA. ANXA2 was shown to bind specifically to poly(G) with high affinity (K(d) = 60 nM) and not to poly(A), poly(C), or poly(U). The binding of(More)
Annexin A2 is a pleiotropic calcium- and anionic phospholipid-binding protein that exists as a monomer and as a heterotetrameric complex with the plasminogen receptor protein, S100A10. Annexin A2 has been proposed to play a key role in many processes including exocytosis, endocytosis, membrane organization, ion channel conductance, and also to link F-actin(More)
Biochemical studies have suggested that annexin 2 (A2) may participate in cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. In the current work, effects of A2 monomer (p36) and heterotetramer (A2t; p36(2)p11(2)) were investigated. Demonstrating a role for endogenous A2, the four stages of infection that were followed were each inhibited by anti-p36 or anti-p11 at 37 degrees(More)
Annexin A2 is an abundant cellular protein that is mainly localized in the cytoplasm and plasma membrane, however a small population has been found in the nucleus, suggesting a nuclear function for the protein. Annexin A2 possesses a nuclear export sequence (NES) and inhibition of the NES is sufficient to cause nuclear accumulation. Here we show that(More)
Annexin II tetramer (AIIt) is an important endothelial cell surface protein receptor for plasminogen and t-PA. AIIt, a heterotetramer, is composed of two p36 subunits (called annexin II) and two p11 subunits. In this report, we have compared the ability of the isolated p36 and p11 subunits to stimulate t-PA-dependent [Glu]plasminogen activation. The(More)
The presence of reactive astrocytes around glioma cells in the CNS suggests the possibility that these two cell types could be interacting. We addressed whether glioma cells use the astrocyte environment to modulate matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), a proteolytic enzyme implicated in the invasiveness of glioma cells. We found that astrocytes in culture(More)