David Morritz de Kretser

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The production of mature germ cells capable of generating totipotent zygotes is a highly specialized and sexually dimorphic process. The transition from diploid primordial germ cell to haploid spermatozoa requires genome-wide reprogramming of DNA methylation, stage- and testis-specific gene expression, mitotic and meiotic division, and the histone-protamine(More)
Men with Y chromosome (Yq) AZFc deletions lack all copies of the DAZ gene and have severe spermatogenic failure. A recently described gr/gr subdeletion of AZFc removes two of four copies of DAZ. To better understand the relative frequencies of AZFc and gr/gr deletions and their associated phenotypes, we analysed two large groups of infertile men. A total of(More)
Activin A is a member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, which we have identified as having a role in inflammatory responses. We show that circulating levels of activin increase rapidly after LPS-induced challenge through activation of Toll-like receptor 4 and the key adaptor protein, MyD88. Treatment with the activin-binding protein,(More)
Genes on the long arm of Y (Yq), particularly within interval 6, are believed to play a critical role in human spermatogenesis. Cytogenetically detectable deletions of this region are associated with azoospermia in men, but are relatively uncommon. It has been hypothesized that microdeletions of Yq may account for a significant proportion of men with(More)
Testosterone (T) treatment suppresses gonadotropin levels in normal men and is a promising reversible contraceptive that induces azoospermia in approximately 70% of subjects and oligospermia in the remainder; however, the basis of this variable response is unclear. This study aimed to investigate this reported variable response by examining the(More)
There is increasing evidence that epigenetic information can be inherited across generations in mammals, despite extensive reprogramming both in the gametes and in the early developing embryo. One corollary to this is that disrupting the establishment of epigenetic state in the gametes of a parent, as a result of heterozygosity for mutations in genes(More)
A detailed understanding of the hormonal regulation of spermatogenesis is required for the informed assessment and management of male fertility and, conversely, for the development of safe and reversible male hormonal contraception. An approach to the study of these issues is outlined based on the use of well-defined in vivo models of gonadotropin/androgen(More)
While it is well known that serious illness and inflammation reduce male fertility, the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. In adult male rats, a single injection of lipopolysaccharide at doses that induced either mild or severe inflammation, caused a biphasic decline in Leydig cell testosterone production and gonadotropin responsiveness. In the high(More)
Testicular biopsy is a crucial assessment in reproductive practice with diagnostic and prognostic importance for assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) and risk of testicular neoplasia. Endocrine and genetic tests cannot reliably distinguish obstructive azoospermia (OA) from non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) or predict recovery of mature spermatids by(More)
BACKGROUND Androgens acting via the androgen receptor bring about stimulation and maintenance of spermatogenesis. If mutations in the androgen-receptor gene interfere with the receptor's function, this effect may partly account for impaired spermatogenesis. We aimed to find out whether expansion of a trinucleotide repeat in the androgen-receptor gene is(More)