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Budding yeast Slx4 interacts with the structure-specific endonuclease Slx1 to ensure completion of ribosomal DNA replication. Slx4 also interacts with the Rad1-Rad10 endonuclease to control cleavage of 3' flaps during repair of double-strand breaks (DSBs). Here we describe the identification of human SLX4, a scaffold for DNA repair nucleases XPF-ERCC1,(More)
The pbuE adenine riboswitch undergoes metal ion-dependent folding that involves a loop-loop interaction. Binding of 2-aminopurine to the aptamer domain strongly correlates with the ability of the loops to interact, and single-molecule FRET studies reveal that folding proceeds via a discrete intermediate. Folding occurs in the absence of adenine ligand, but(More)
Repeat tracts of guanine bases found in DNA and RNA can form tetraplex structures in the presence of a variety of monovalent cations. Evidence suggests that guanine tetraplexes assume important functions within chromosomal telomeres, immunoglobulin switch regions, and the human immunodeficiency virus genome. The structure of a parallel-stranded tetraplex(More)
The kink-turn (K-turn) is a new motif in RNA structure that was identified by examination of the crystal structures of the ribosome. We examined the structural and dynamic properties of this element in free solution. The K-turn RNA exists in a dynamic equilibrium between a tightly kinked conformation and a more open structure similar to a simple bulge bend.(More)
Junction-resolving enzymes are ubiquitous nucleases that are important for DNA repair and recombination and act on DNA molecules containing branch points, especially four-way junctions. They show a pronounced selectivity for the structure of the DNA substrate but, despite its importance, the structural selectivity is not well understood. This poses an(More)
Our knowledge of the architectural principles of nucleic acid junctions has seen significant recent advances. The conformation of DNA junctions is now well understood, and this provides a new basis for the analysis of important structural elements in RNA. The most significant new data have come from X-ray crystallography of four-way DNA junctions;(More)
It has been shown that the activity of the hammerhead ribozyme at microM magnesium ion concentrations is markedly increased by the inclusion of loops in helices I and II. We have studied the effect of such loops on the magnesium ion-induced folding of the ribozyme, using fluorescence resonance energy transfer. We find that with the loops in place, folding(More)
The ion-induced folding transitions of the hammerhead ribozyme have been analysed by fluorescence resonance energy transfer. The hammerhead ribozyme may be regarded as a special example of a three-way RNA junction, the global structure of which has been studied by comparing the distances (as energy transfer efficiencies) between the ends of pairs of(More)
In both DNA and RNA, stretches of guanine bases can form stable four-stranded helices in the presence of sodium or potassium ions. Sequences with a propensity to form guanine tetraplexes have been found in chromosomal telomers, immunoglobulin switch regions, and recombination sites. We report the crystal structure at 0.95 A resolution of a parallel-stranded(More)