Learn More
Budding yeast Slx4 interacts with the structure-specific endonuclease Slx1 to ensure completion of ribosomal DNA replication. Slx4 also interacts with the Rad1-Rad10 endonuclease to control cleavage of 3' flaps during repair of double-strand breaks (DSBs). Here we describe the identification of human SLX4, a scaffold for DNA repair nucleases XPF-ERCC1,(More)
The pbuE adenine riboswitch undergoes metal ion-dependent folding that involves a loop-loop interaction. Binding of 2-aminopurine to the aptamer domain strongly correlates with the ability of the loops to interact, and single-molecule FRET studies reveal that folding proceeds via a discrete intermediate. Folding occurs in the absence of adenine ligand, but(More)
Repeat tracts of guanine bases found in DNA and RNA can form tetraplex structures in the presence of a variety of monovalent cations. Evidence suggests that guanine tetraplexes assume important functions within chromosomal telomeres, immunoglobulin switch regions, and the human immunodeficiency virus genome. The structure of a parallel-stranded tetraplex(More)
The kink-turn (K-turn) is a new motif in RNA structure that was identified by examination of the crystal structures of the ribosome. We examined the structural and dynamic properties of this element in free solution. The K-turn RNA exists in a dynamic equilibrium between a tightly kinked conformation and a more open structure similar to a simple bulge bend.(More)
Our knowledge of the architectural principles of nucleic acid junctions has seen significant recent advances. The conformation of DNA junctions is now well understood, and this provides a new basis for the analysis of important structural elements in RNA. The most significant new data have come from X-ray crystallography of four-way DNA junctions;(More)
It has been shown that the activity of the hammerhead ribozyme at microM magnesium ion concentrations is markedly increased by the inclusion of loops in helices I and II. We have studied the effect of such loops on the magnesium ion-induced folding of the ribozyme, using fluorescence resonance energy transfer. We find that with the loops in place, folding(More)
The Holliday (four-way) junction is a critical intermediate in homologous genetic recombination. We have studied the structure of a series of four-way junctions, constructed by hybridization of four 80 nucleotide synthetic oligonucleotides. These molecules migrate anomalously slowly in gel electrophoresis. Each arm of any junction could be selectively(More)
Metal ions fold DNA junctions into a compact conformation that confers protection of all thymine bases to modification by osmium tetroxide. In the absence of the cation the arms of the junction are fully extended in an approximately square-planar configuration. Group IIa cations are effective in achieving a folded conformation of the junction at 80-100(More)
Bacteriophage T4 endonuclease VII is one of a class of structure-selective enzymes that resolve helical branchpoints in DNA molecules. The sequence of this protein suggests a modular organisation. We have expressed a synthetic gene encoding endonuclease VII, which has been used in a directed mutagenesis exercise, with the aim of understanding the role of(More)