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A three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction algorithm based on contours identification from biplanar radiographs is presented. It requires, as technical prerequisites, a method to calibrate the biplanar radiographic environment and a surface generic object (anatomic atlas model) representing the structure to be reconstructed. The reconstruction steps consist(More)
Although feasibility of accurate 3D reconstruction of the proximal epiphysis of the femur from biplanar X-rays (frontal and lateral) has been assessed, in vivo application is limited due to bone superposition. The aim of this study was to propose a specific algorithm to get accurate and reproducible, low dose in vivo 3D reconstruction. To achieve this goal,(More)
Status of This Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Abstract This document describes a currently deployed extension to the Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS) protocol, allowing dynamic changes to a user session, as(More)
The stereoradiographic reconstruction method allows obtaining the three-dimensional (3D) rib cage geometry, which is essential for clinical evaluation or biomechanical studies. However, reconstruction time is still high (about 20 min considering operator time). The purpose of this study is to propose a 3D reconstruction of the rib cage from biplanar(More)
Body segment parameters are essential data in biomechanics. They are usually computed with population-specific predictive equations from literature. Recently, medical imaging and video-based methods were also reported for personalized computation. However, these methods present limitations: some of them provide only two-dimensional measurements or external(More)
The clinical tolerance of rotator cuff tears is extremely variable, so the question is, what is the role of the deltoid in the shoulder stability? First of all, ex vivo experiments are necessary to analyse its effect. The aims of this study were: (1) to propose a testing protocol to measure the glenohumeral joint kinematics during the abduction motion by(More)
Better understanding of the effects of growth on children’s bones and cartilage is necessary for clinical and biomechanical purposes. The aim of this study is to define the 3D geometry of children’s rib cages: including sternum, ribs and costal cartilage. Three-dimensional reconstructions of 960 ribs, 518 costal cartilages and 113 sternebrae were performed(More)
Longitudinal axial rotations of phalanges during flexion motions of digits have scarcely been analyzed with current anatomical or radiological methods. Recent optoelectronic systems were developed for three-dimensional (3D) kinematic analysis of human motion. These systems have the advantages of being non-invasive and non-irradiating. The current study was(More)
The three dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the spine can be obtained by stereoradiographic techniques. To be safely used on a routine clinics basis, stereoradiography must provide both accurate vertebral shape and coherent position. Although the accuracy of the reconstructed morphology of the vertebrae is well documented, only few authors studied the(More)
Hip fractures due to osteoporosis are accompanied with increased mortality and morbidity. Bone mineral density (BMD [g/cm(2)]) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the most important risk factor. However, an overlap exists between results of fractured and nonfractured populations. Macro-architectural parameters of the femur are independent(More)