David Mitton

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Better understanding of the effects of growth on children’s bones and cartilage is necessary for clinical and biomechanical purposes. The aim of this study is to define the 3D geometry of children’s rib cages: including sternum, ribs and costal cartilage. Three-dimensional reconstructions of 960 ribs, 518 costal cartilages and 113 sternebrae were performed(More)
The stereoradiographic reconstruction method allows obtaining the three-dimensional (3D) rib cage geometry, which is essential for clinical evaluation or biomechanical studies. However, reconstruction time is still high (about 20 min considering operator time). The purpose of this study is to propose a 3D reconstruction of the rib cage from biplanar(More)
Hip fractures due to osteoporosis are accompanied with increased mortality and morbidity. Bone mineral density (BMD [g/cm(2)]) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the most important risk factor. However, an overlap exists between results of fractured and nonfractured populations. Macro-architectural parameters of the femur are independent(More)
Body segment parameters are essential data in biomechanics. They are usually computed with population-specific predictive equations from literature. Recently, medical imaging and video-based methods were also reported for personalized computation. However, these methods present limitations: some of them provide only two-dimensional measurements or external(More)
Although feasibility of accurate 3D reconstruction of the proximal epiphysis of the femur from biplanar X-rays (frontal and lateral) has been assessed, in vivo application is limited due to bone superposition. The aim of this study was to propose a specific algorithm to get accurate and reproducible, low dose in vivo 3D reconstruction. To achieve this goal,(More)
Patient-specific modeling could help in predicting vertebral osteoporotic fracture. The accuracy requirement for input data available in clinical routine is related to the model sensitivity. The objective of this study is to assess the relative impact of material properties and of loading conditions on vertebral strength using a finite element model.(More)
The load-deflection response of the human trunk has been studied using various methods. The different shapes observed may be due to the methodology and the population. The purpose of this study is to quantify and explain the in vivo mechanical response of paediatric and adult trunks during respiratory physiotherapy. Eight children aged 5-15 months and eight(More)
The objective of the study was to evaluate the ability of a nonlinear ultrasound technique, the so-called nonlinear resonant ultrasound spectroscopy (NRUS) technique, for detecting early microdamage accumulation in cortical bone induced by four-point bending fatigue. Small parallelepiped beam-shaped human cortical bone specimens were subjected to cyclic(More)