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The geographic distribution of wild potatoes (Solanaceae sect. Petota) was analyzed using a database of 6073 georeferenced observations. Wild potatoes occur in 16 countries, but 88% of the observations are from Argentina, Bolivia, Mexico, and Peru. Most species are rare and narrowly endemic: for 77 species the largest distance between two observations of(More)
Chromosome pairing relationships within cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum) and its wild tuber-bearing relatives (Solanum sect. Petota) have been interpreted by genome formulas, developed in the early 1900s, through techniques of classic meiotic analysis of interspecifi c hybrids. Here we reexamine potato genome hypotheses with the fi rst phylogenetic(More)
The fingerprinting of 742 potato landraces with 51 simple sequence repeat (SSR, or microsatel-lite) markers resulted in improving a previously constructed potato genetic identity kit. All SSR marker loci were assayed with a collection of highly diverse landraces of all species of cultivated potato with ploidies ranging from diploid to pentaploid. Loci(More)
The cultivated potato, Solanum tuberosum, ultimately traces its origin to Andean and Chilean landraces developed by pre-Colombian cultivators. These Andean landraces exhibit tremendous morphological and genetic diversity, and are distributed throughout the Andes, from western Venezuela to northern Argentina, and in southern Chile. The wild species(More)
Cultivated potatoes have been classified as species under the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) and as cultivar-groups under the International Code of Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants (ICNCP); both classifications are still widely used. This study examines morphological support for the classification of landrace populations of cultivated(More)
Characterization of nearly 1,000 cultivated potato accessions with simple sequence repeats (SSRs; also referred to as microsatellites) has allowed the identification of a reference set of SSR markers for accurate and efficient genotyping. In addition, 31 SSRs are reported here for a potato genetic map, including new map locations for 24 of them. A first(More)
Eight wild tomato species are native to western South America and one to the Galapagos Islands. Different classifications of tomatoes have been based on morphological or biological criteria. Our primary goal was to examine the phylogenetic relationships of all nine wild tomato species and closely related outgroups, with a concentration on the most(More)
207 Polyploidy is an important mode of speciation. It can result from either duplication of a single genome (autopolyploidy) or from the combination of two or more differentiated genomes and a better understanding of the processes of polyploidiza-tion and rapid diversification of the descendants of a single polyploidization event are of evolutionary(More)
Contrasting taxonomic treatments of potato landraces have continued over the last century, with the recognition of anywhere from 1 to 21 distinct Linnean species, or of Cultivar Groups within the single species Solanum tuberosum. We provide one of the largest molecular marker studies of any crop landraces to date, to include an extensive study of 742(More)