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BACKGROUND Chronic cognitive impairment is a major problem in U.S. nursing homes, yet traditional assessment systems in most facilities included only limited information on cognitive status. Following the Congressional mandate in the Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1987 (OBRA '87), U.S. nursing homes now complete the Minimum Data Set (MDS), a standardized,(More)
BACKGROUND A trial of a decision-support tool to modify utilization of the coronary care unit (CCU) failed because utilization improved after explanation of the tool but before its actual employment in the trial. We investigated this unexpected phenomenon in light of an emerging theory of decision-making under uncertainty. METHODS A prospective trial of(More)
The objective of this 3-year retrospective, controlled, cohort study is to characterize an interdisciplinary method of managing geriatric patients with hip fracture. All patients aged 65 years or older admitted to a single academic level I trauma center during a 3-year period with an isolated hip fracture were included as participants for this study.(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to describe the processes of care, organizational attributes, cost of care, staffing level, and staff mix in a sample of Missouri homes with good, average, and poor resident outcomes. DESIGN AND METHODS A three-group exploratory study design was used, with 92 nursing homes randomly selected from all nursing homes in(More)
The aim of this meta-analysis was to integrate the results of primary research testing the effect of diabetes self-management interventions that included recommendations to increase exercise on metabolic outcomes among adults with type 2 diabetes. Extensive literature searching strategies were used to identify published and unpublished intervention studies(More)
Residents of long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are at great risk for infection. Most residents are older and have multiple comorbidities that complicate recognition of infection; for example, typically defined fever is absent in more than one-half of LTCF residents with serious infection. Furthermore, LTCFs often do not have the on-site equipment or(More)
BACKGROUND Programs such as Medicaid Home and Community-based Services (HCBS) have provided an alternative to institutionalization through community-based, long-term care services; however, there are limited studies on the clinical outcomes of participants in these programs as compared to nursing home (NH) residents. OBJECTIVE To compare clinical outcomes(More)
DESCRIPTION The American College of Physicians and American Academy of Family Physicians developed this guideline to present the available evidence on current pharmacologic treatment of dementia. METHODS The targeted literature search included evidence related to the effectiveness of 5 U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved pharmacologic therapies for(More)
OBJECTIVES We conducted a meta-analysis summarizing the effects of interventions designed to increase physical activity among healthy adults. METHODS Our comprehensive searches located 358 reports eligible for inclusion. We used random-effects analyses to synthesize data, and we used meta-analytic analogues of regression and analysis of variance to(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated the effectiveness of interventions to improve medication adherence (MA) in older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS Meta-analysis was used to synthesize results of 33 published and unpublished randomized controlled trials. Random-effects models were used to estimate overall mean effect sizes (ESs) for MA, knowledge, health(More)