David Medgyesi

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Obesity and diabetes affect more than half a billion individuals worldwide. Interestingly, the two conditions do not always coincide and the molecular determinants of "healthy" versus "unhealthy" obesity remain ill-defined. Chronic metabolic inflammation (metaflammation) is believed to be pivotal. Here, we tested a hypothesized anti-inflammatory role for(More)
This is the first study to demonstrate that the interaction between beta-adrenoceptor activation, and the production of inflammatory mediators can be modulated in opposite ways by two inflammatory stimuli, namely, protein kinase C (PKC)-activating phorbol myristyl acetate (PMA) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We provided evidence that isoproterenol treatment,(More)
Signal transduction from the BCR is regulated by the equilibrium between kinases (e.g., spleen tyrosine kinase [Syk]) and phosphatases (e.g., Shp-1). Previous studies showed that Syk-deficient B cells have a developmental block at the pro/pre-B cell stage, whereas a B cell-specific Shp-1 deficiency promoted B-1a cell development and led to autoimmunity. We(More)
Developing pre-B cells in the bone marrow alternate between proliferation and differentiation phases. We found that protein arginine methyl transferase 1 (PRMT1) and B cell translocation gene 2 (BTG2) are critical components of the pre-B cell differentiation program. The BTG2-PRMT1 module induced a cell-cycle arrest of pre-B cells that was accompanied by(More)
Each B cell contains up to 100,000 B cell antigen receptor (BCR) complexes on its surface, which only become fully active on exposure of the B cell to its cognate antigen. Most studies on BCR function aims at a better understanding how the BCR becomes active and transmits its signal to the many signaling pathways inside the cell. Another, albeit related(More)
It is becoming more and more accepted that, in addition to producing autoantibodies, B lymphocytes have other important functions that influence the development of autoimmunity. For example, autoreactive B cells are able to produce inflammatory cytokines and activate pathogenic T cells. B lymphocytes can react to extracellular signals with a range of(More)
Tyrosine phosphorylation of signaling molecules that mediate B cell activation in response to various stimuli is tightly regulated by protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs). PTP1B is a ubiquitously expressed tyrosine phosphatase with well-characterized functions in metabolic signaling pathways. We show here that PTP1B negatively regulates CD40, B cell(More)
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