David McL. Roberts

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Restricting centriole duplication to once per cell cycle is critical for chromosome segregation and genomic stability, but the mechanisms underlying this block to reduplication are unclear. Genetic analyses have suggested an involvement for Skp/Cullin/F box (SCF)-class ubiquitin ligases in this process. In this study, we describe a mechanism to prevent(More)
Many epithelial cells are polarized along the plane of the epithelium, a property termed planar cell polarity. The Drosophila wing and eye imaginal discs are the premier models of this process. Many proteins required for polarity establishment and its translation into cytoskeletal polarity were identified from studies of those tissues. More recently,(More)
Current estimates indicate that nearly a third of the world's population is latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Reduced oxygen tension and nitric oxide exposure are two conditions encountered by bacilli in vivo that may promote latency. In vitro exposure to hypoxia or nitric oxide results in bacterial stasis with concomitant induction of a(More)
Negatively regulating signaling by targeting key effectors for ubiquitination/destruction is essential for development and oncogenesis. The tumor suppressor adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), an essential negative regulator of Wnt signaling, provides a paradigm. APC mutations occur in most colon cancers. Acting in the "destruction complex" with Axin,(More)
Mice lacking the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor flt-1 (VEGFR-1) die from vascular overgrowth, caused primarily by aberrant endothelial cell division (Kearney JB, Ambler CA, Monaco KA, Johnson N, Rapoport RG, Bautch VL: Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor Flt-1 negatively regulates developmental blood vessel formation by(More)
This chapter describes two protocols for isolating total RNA from mycobacteria: one for extraction from in vitro cultures and one for extraction from in vivo. In these protocols, RNA is liberated from mycobacteria by disruption with small glass beads in the presence of Trizol to stabilize the RNA. The RNA is further purified with DNAse treatment and RNeasy(More)
BACKGROUND A subset of signaling pathways play exceptionally important roles in embryonic and post-embryonic development, and mis-regulation of these pathways occurs in most human cancers. One such pathway is the Wnt pathway. The primary mechanism keeping Wnt signaling off in the absence of ligand is regulated proteasomal destruction of the canonical Wnt(More)
RATIONALE Fetuses that develop in diabetic mothers have a higher incidence of birth defects that include cardiovascular defects, but the signaling pathways that mediate these developmental effects are poorly understood. It is reasonable to hypothesize that diabetic maternal effects are mediated by 1 or more pathways activated downstream of aberrant glucose(More)
We identified Ras guanine-releasing protein 3 (RasGRP3) as a guanine exchange factor expressed in blood vessels via an embryonic stem (ES) cell-based gene trap screen to identify novel vascular genes. RasGRP3 is expressed in embryonic blood vessels, down-regulated in mature adult vessels, and reexpressed in newly formed vessels during pregnancy and(More)
On encountering low oxygen conditions, DosR activates the transcription of 47 genes, promoting long-term survival of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a non-replicating state. Here, we report the crystal structures of the DosR C-terminal domain and its complex with a consensus DNA sequence of the hypoxia-induced gene promoter. The DosR C-terminal domain(More)