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OBJECTIVE Burkitt lymphoma in children can be localized or disseminated and can involve various sites. Our objective is to review the clinical presentation and abdominopelvic imaging findings of Burkitt lymphoma in the pediatric population. CONCLUSION Numerous abdominal and pelvic imaging findings are seen in Burkitt lymphoma affecting the(More)
OBJECTIVE In adults, gadolinium contrast enhancement does not add incremental value to fluid-sensitive sequences for evaluation of bone marrow edema. This study was undertaken to determine if magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast is necessary to assess lesions consistent with inflammatory sacroiliitis in children. METHODS Patients with clinically(More)
BACKGROUND Although subpleural cysts are known to be associated with Down syndrome, their etiology and prevalence remains unknown. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of subpleural cysts in children with Down syndrome and the association with prematurity, congenital heart disease (CHD), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and chronic ventilator(More)
Precocious puberty represents a unique diagnostic problem in which imaging plays an important role. Development of secondary sex characteristics may result from inappropriate activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis with release of gonadotropin, or from gonadotropin-independent secretion of sex steroids by the adrenal glands or gonads. A variety of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prevalence of sacroiliitis at diagnosis of juvenile spondyloarthritis (SpA) and the accuracy of physical examination and back pain to detect sacroiliitis, using imaging as the reference standard. METHODS We performed a prospective cross-sectional study of 40 children with newly diagnosed juvenile SpA and 14 healthy controls.(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Obstructive symptoms in a patient post-Ladd procedure raise the question of recurrent volvulus. Our objective is to determine the incidence and the radiographical evaluation of recurrent volvulus and abdominal complications after a Ladd procedure. METHODS One hundred ninety-five patients who underwent a Ladd procedure for malrotation(More)
With the emerging use of ultrasound in the evaluation of children with Crohn disease presenting with acute abdominal symptoms, there is a need to become familiar with the sonographic features of this disease. Our aim is to provide a primer of the characteristic intramural and extramural US findings in children with Crohn disease to serve as a practical and(More)
Cardiovascular disease in children comprises a diverse collection of diseases involving multiple organ systems. Abnormality in children is predominately congenital but also may be acquired. Although noninvasive vascular imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance angiography and ultrasound lack ionizing radiation, with improving technology and an(More)
The knee joint is the one of the most common locations for congenital and developmental musculoskeletal abnormalities. Initial imaging of the knee joint should always begin with conventional radiographs. However, evaluation of the bone marrow, cartilaginous, ligamentous, and other soft-tissue components of the knee joint are better characterized with(More)