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Plasma concentrations of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides are among the most important risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) and are targets for therapeutic intervention. We screened the genome for common variants associated with plasma lipids in >100,000 individuals of(More)
A novel microtubule-associated protein (MAP) of M(r) 115,000 has been identified by screening of a HeLa cell cDNA expression library with an anti-serum raised against microtubule-binding proteins from HeLa cells. Monoclonal and affinity-purified polyclonal antibodies were generated for the further characterization of this MAP. It is different from the(More)
Expression levels of E-MAP-115, a microtubule-associated protein that stabilizes microtubules, increase with epithelial cell polarization and differentiation (Masson and Kreis, 1993). Although polarizing cells contain significant amounts of this protein, they can still divide and thus all stabilized microtubules must disassemble at the onset of mitosis to(More)
The nuclear hormone receptor constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) regulates detoxification of xenobiotics and endogenous molecules, and has been shown to be involved in the metabolism of hepatic bile acids and cholesterol. The goal of this study was to address potential effects of CAR on the metabolism of HDL particles, key components in the(More)
Computed tomography remains strongly underused in plant sciences despite its high potential in delivering detailed 3D phenotypical information because of the low X-ray absorption of most plant tissues. Existing protocols to study soft tissues display poor performance, especially when compared to those used on animals. More efficient protocols to study plant(More)
In order to investigate the direct effect of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) on the structure and composition of HDL in vivo, simian CETP was expressed in Fisher rat that spontaneously displays high plasma levels of HDL1. In the new CETPTg rat line, the production of active CETP by the liver induced a significant 48% decrease in plasma HDL(More)
The impact of apolipoprotein C-I (apoC-I) deficiency on hepatic lipid metabolism was addressed in mice in the presence or the absence of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). In addition to the expected moderate reduction in plasma cholesterol levels, apoCIKO mice showed significant increases in the hepatic content of cholesteryl esters (+58%) and(More)
BACKGROUND The burden of malnutrition among HIV-infected children is not well described in sub-Saharan Africa, even though it is an important problem to take into account to guarantee appropriate healthcare for these children. We assessed the prevalence of malnutrition and its associated factors among HIV-infected children in HIV care programmes in Central(More)
BACKGROUND Liver X receptor (LXR) α and LXR β (NR1H3 and NR1H2) are oxysterol-activated nuclear receptors involved in the control of major metabolic pathways such as cholesterol homeostasis, lipogenesis, inflammation and innate immunity. Synthetic LXR agonists are currently under development and could find applications in various fields such as(More)
INTRODUCTION Major hyperferritinemia is a rare feature in clinical laboratories associated with a wide variety of disorders, including hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). The diagnosis of HLH is based on clinical and biological criteria, such as those proposed by the Histiocyte Society. However, several of these criteria are not relevant in the(More)