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This meta-analysis summarizes the broad spectrum of neuropsychological research on HIV disease across a sample of 41 primary studies and an aggregate of 8,616 participants for 10 major neuropsychological ability areas. Analyses of the course of cognitive decline within and across Centers for Disease Control classifications reveals statistically significant(More)
Despite awareness that depression may affect performance on commonly used neuropsychological tests, little research has been conducted on the relative impact of severity and type of depression on higher problem-solving ability. Major depressives (n = 13), dysthymics (n = 17), and non-psychiatric comparison subjects (n = 18) were administered the Wisconsin(More)
This chapter considers some of the everyday practicalities of achieving participation and managing user-designer relations (UDRs) when delivering an electronic health record (EHR) project within an NHS Hospital Trust. Using ethnographic, observational data we provide examples pertinent to understanding how UDRs play out in an NHS setting; documenting the(More)
OBJECTIVE New treatments introduced in the mid-1990s led many people with HIV/AIDS who previously had been disabled by their disease to contemplate workforce reentry; many remain unemployed, and little is known concerning interventions that might help them return to work. We report the results of a randomized clinical trial of an intervention designed to(More)
Recently, it has been discovered that depressed people are less likely than nondepressed people to succumb to an "illusion of control" and judge that their actions influence outcomes that are objectively uncontrollable. This experiment examined the relationship between depression and susceptibility to the illusion of control for oneself and for others.(More)
College teachers' ages and personalities, and students' course grades, gender, enrollment status, academic abilities, and ages were investigated as predictors of student evaluations of faculty. An evaluation form containing 7 items reflecting the personality trait of extraversion and 8 items reflecting teaching effectiveness was used to collect data from(More)
This report projects the need for unmanned aerial and ground vehicles to assist with a response to a hazardous material incident, also called chemical biological radiological or nuclear (CBRN) events. The projected needs for the identification and containment phases were determined by a preliminary cognitive work analysis of CBRN response based on concept(More)
As treatments have improved health and quality of life for people with HIV/AIDS, many have contemplated workforce reentry. Workforce reentry rarely occurs among people with illness-related disability. The authors mailed a survey that included workforce-entry-related concerns to 1,991 HIV/AIDS clients. Factor analysis extracted 6 areas of concern (benefits(More)
Cognitive deficits are associated with HIV disease, and HIV-related cognitive deficits have been associated with declines in everyday functioning and vocational status. We administered a baseline neuropsychological (NP) test battery designed to assess estimated full-scale IQ, achievement, attention/concentration, executive function, language, mental speed,(More)
Plasma viral load is helpful in monitoring systemic HIV infection but the relationship between plasma viral load and CNS functioning remains unclear. Equivocal results have been reported on the relationship between plasma viral load and cognitive functioning. The present study tested cognitive functions with a standardized neuropsychological battery(More)