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Epigenetic modifications have effects on phenotype, but they are generally considered to be cleared on passage through the germ line in mammals, so that only genetic traits are inherited. Here we describe the inheritance of an epigenetic modification at the agouti locus in mice. In viable yellow ( A(vy)/a) mice, transcription originating in an(More)
Mirror-image allodynia is a mysterious phenomenon that occurs in association with many clinical pain syndromes. Allodynia refers to pain in response to light touch/pressure stimuli, which normally are perceived as innocuous. Mirror-image allodynia arises from the healthy body region contralateral to the actual site of trauma/inflammation. Virtually nothing(More)
Spinal proinflammatory cytokines are powerful pain-enhancing signals that contribute to pain following peripheral nerve injury (neuropathic pain). Recently, one proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin-1, was also implicated in the loss of analgesia upon repeated morphine exposure (tolerance). In contrast to prior literature, we demonstrate that the action of(More)
We have investigated the mechanism, structural correlates, and cis-acting elements involved in chromatin opening and gene activation, using the human beta-globin locus as a model. Full transcriptional activity of the human beta-globin locus requires the locus control region (LCR), composed of a series of nuclease hypersensitive sites located upstream of(More)
The expression of interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor has previously been shown to be up-regulated in the spinal cord of several rat mononeuropathy models. This present study was undertaken to determine whether blocking the action of central interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor attenuates mechanical allodynia in a gender-specific manner in a(More)
The nuclear space is mostly occupied by chromosome territories and nuclear bodies. Although this organization of chromosomes affects gene function, relatively little is known about the role of nuclear bodies in the organization of chromosomal regions. The nucleolus is the best-studied subnuclear structure and forms around the rRNA repeat gene clusters on(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1beta and tumour necrosis factor-alpha, are released by activated glial cells in the spinal cord and play a major role in pain facilitation. These cytokines exert their actions, at least partially, through the activation of the transcription factor, nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB). In turn, NF-kappaB(More)
The murine, erythroid DNA-binding protein GF-1 (also known as NF-E1, Eryf 1), a 413-amino acid polypeptide with two novel finger domains of the Cx-Cx variety, recognizes a consensus GATA motif present in cis elements of the majority of erythroid-expressed genes. We have performed a structure-function analysis of this protein to evaluate its potential as a(More)
Paclitaxel is a commonly used cancer chemotherapy drug that frequently causes painful peripheral neuropathies. The mechanisms underlying this dose-limiting side effect are poorly understood. Growing evidence supports that proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF), released by activated spinal glial cells and(More)
Expression of genes in eukaryotes has commonly been analyzed in a whole tissue, and levels of expression have been interpreted as the result of equivalent rates of transcription in every cell. We have produced transgenic mouse lines that express beta-galactosidase under the control of globin promoters linked to the major tissue-specific regulatory element(More)