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This study examined the effect of heat stress on physiological responses and exercise performance in elite road cyclists. Eleven members of the Australian National Road Cycling Squad completed two 30 min cycling time-trials in an environmental chamber set at either 32 degrees C, (HT) or 23 degrees C (NT) with a relative humidity of 60% in each circumstance.(More)
This study investigated whether hypoxic exposure increased muscle buffer capacity (beta(m)) and mechanical efficiency during exercise in male athletes. A control (CON, n=7) and a live high:train low group (LHTL, n=6) trained at near sea level (600 m), with the LHTL group sleeping for 23 nights in simulated moderate altitude (3000 m). Whole body oxygen(More)
An evaluation of the hand-held portable Lactate Pro Analyser (KDK) was undertaken to assess its accuracy, reliability and versatility. Capillary blood samples were drawn from elite athletes in both laboratory and field settings and analysed in parallel. Accuracy was determined in relation to three other lactate analysers: (1) the ABL 700 Series Acid-Base(More)
Competitive athletes completed two studies of 2-h steady-state (SS) cycling at 70% peak O(2) uptake followed by 7 kJ/kg time trial (TT) with carbohydrate (CHO) intake before (2 g/kg) and during (6% CHO drink) exercise. In Study A, 12 subjects received either 6 mg/kg caffeine 1 h preexercise (Precaf), 6 x 1 mg/kg caffeine every 20 min throughout SS (Durcaf),(More)
Despite equivocal findings about the benefit of altitude training, current theory dictates that the best approach is to spend several weeks living at > or =2500 m but training near sea level. This paper summarizes six studies in which we used simulated altitude (normobaric hypoxia) to examine: (i) the assumption that moderate hypoxia compromises training(More)
The popularity and success of laparoscopic biliary tract surgery have persuaded surgeons to explore other applications for rigid endoscopic surgery. From July 1990 to February 1993 a total of 65 patients (mean age 57 years; range 41–82) underwent attempted laparoscopic colon resection. Indications for surgical intervention included cancer (39), adenomatous(More)
BACKGROUND To compare laparoscopic onlay hernia repair with conventional surgery, 61 patients were randomized to either open or laparoscopic surgery. METHODS Traditional repairs were done according to the surgeons' preference. Laparoscopic repairs utilized a modified onlay technique with a meshed prototype prosthesis. RESULTS Mean operative time was(More)
Whether or not exercise training of sufficient intensity and duration to produce left ventricle (LV) hypertrophy also regulates deposition of interstitial collagen and cross-linking at the pretranslational level is unknown. Therefore, the effects of exercise training on gene expression for the two principal fibrillar collagens in LV, types I and III, were(More)
We investigated the effects of an Ironman triathlon race on markers of muscle damage, inflammation and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70). Nine well-trained male triathletes (mean ± SD age 34 ± 5 years; V̇O2peak 66.4 ml kg−1 min−1) participated in the 2004 Western Australia Ironman triathlon race (3.8 km swim, 180 km cycle, 42.2 km run). We assessed jump height,(More)
Haemoglobin mass (Hb mass), maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max), simulated 4000 m individual pursuit cycling performance (IP4000), and haematological markers of red blood cell (RBC) turnover were measured in 8 male cyclists before and after (A) 31 d of altitude training at 2690 m. The dependent variables were measured serially after altitude on d A3-4, A8-9(More)