Learn More
Epigenetic modifications have effects on phenotype, but they are generally considered to be cleared on passage through the germ line in mammals, so that only genetic traits are inherited. Here we describe the inheritance of an epigenetic modification at the agouti locus in mice. In viable yellow ( A(vy)/a) mice, transcription originating in an(More)
The murine, erythroid DNA-binding protein GF-1 (also known as NF-E1, Eryf 1), a 413-amino acid polypeptide with two novel finger domains of the Cx-Cx variety, recognizes a consensus GATA motif present in cis elements of the majority of erythroid-expressed genes. We have performed a structure-function analysis of this protein to evaluate its potential as a(More)
We have investigated the mechanism, structural correlates, and cis-acting elements involved in chromatin opening and gene activation, using the human beta-globin locus as a model. Full transcriptional activity of the human beta-globin locus requires the locus control region (LCR), composed of a series of nuclease hypersensitive sites located upstream of(More)
The nuclear space is mostly occupied by chromosome territories and nuclear bodies. Although this organization of chromosomes affects gene function, relatively little is known about the role of nuclear bodies in the organization of chromosomal regions. The nucleolus is the best-studied subnuclear structure and forms around the rRNA repeat gene clusters on(More)
We have examined the basis of enhancer effects on gene expression by altering the action of enhancers on expression of a stably integrated reporter gene. We used two distinct experimental approaches: recombinase-mediated deletion of an enhancer and modulation of the activity of another enhancer composed of downstream metal response elements (MREs). The flp(More)
Expression of genes in eukaryotes has commonly been analyzed in a whole tissue, and levels of expression have been interpreted as the result of equivalent rates of transcription in every cell. We have produced transgenic mouse lines that express beta-galactosidase under the control of globin promoters linked to the major tissue-specific regulatory element(More)
The regulated expression of genes during development and differentiation is influenced by the availability of regulatory proteins and accessibility of the DNA to the transcriptional apparatus. There is growing evidence that the transcriptional activity of genes is influenced by nuclear organization, which itself changes during differentiation. How do these(More)
Phenotypic variation in mammals is frequently attributed to the action of quantitative trait loci (QTL) or the environment, but may also be epigenetic in origin. Here we consider a mechanism for phenotypic variation based on interference of transcription by somatically active retrotransposons. Transcriptionally competent retrotransposons may number in the(More)
Laminopathies are a group of disorders caused by mutations in the LMNA gene that encodes the nuclear lamina proteins, lamin A and lamin C; their pathophysiological basis is unknown. We report that lamin A/C-deficient (Lmna(-/-)) mice develop rapidly progressive dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) characterized by left ventricular (LV) dilation and reduced systolic(More)
To explore the mechanism by which enhancers maintain gene expression, we have assessed the ability of an enhancer and derivative mutants to influence silencing and nuclear location of a transgene. Using site-specific recombination to place different constructs at the same integration sites, we find that disruption of core enhancer motifs impairs the(More)