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OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between cigarette smoking and self-reported physical and mental functional status. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey of 837 patients visiting 2 family-practice centers. Patients completed a self-administered survey about functional status, tobacco use, and demographic characteristics while waiting to be called back for(More)
Expired ventilation (VE), tidal volume (VT), frequency (f), and alveolar PCO2 (PACO2) were examined in six normal infants at 41 to 52 weeks post-conceptional age and in two infants who were apneic at birth. Their response to breathing 5% carbon dioxide in air and to 100% oxygen in quiet sleep were compared to those in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. VE in(More)
The health care problems that 88,000 patients presented to 118 family physicians over two years were evaluated. As a result, 526,196 health care problems were noted. Ninety percent of all problems were contained within 169 descriptive problems using the RCGP coding system for primary care. Knowledge of the profile of patient problems as they present to the(More)
BACKGROUND New rulings nationwide require health services researchers to obtain patient consent before examining personally identifiable data. A selection bias may result if consenting patients differ from those who do not give consent. OBJECTIVE To compare patients who consent, refuse, and do not answer. DESIGN Patients completing an in-office survey(More)
Evaluation has become a powerful, specialized discipline in recent decades, with its own sophisticated conceptual and technical apparatus. Evaluation of nursing has benefited strongly from these developments, as examples of cogent, recent evaluations demonstrate. Evaluation is already proving an indispensable practical tool for raising the quality of health(More)
BACKGROUND Research on health care quality and effectiveness often relies on global health status measures, such as functional status, but little is known about the functional status of patients in the primary care setting (without limitation to specific diseases) and even less about the function of the poor or ethnic minorities. In preparation for a(More)
PURPOSE Guidelines encourage primary care clinicians to document smoking status when obtaining patients' blood pressure, temperature, and pulse rate (vital signs), but whether this practice promotes cessation counseling is unclear. We examined whether the vital sign intervention influences patient-reported frequency and intensity of tobacco cessation(More)
Shopping centers are an important part of the UK economy and have been the subject of considerable research. Relying on complex interdependencies between shoppers, retailers and owners, shopping centers are ideal for knowledge management study. Nevertheless, although retailers have been in the forefront of data mining, little has been written on Customer(More)