David Mark Whiley

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We report the identification of a novel polyomavirus present in respiratory secretions from human patients with symptoms of acute respiratory tract infection. The virus was initially detected in a nasopharyngeal aspirate from a 3-year-old child from Australia diagnosed with pneumonia. A random library was generated from nucleic acids extracted from the(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, Allander and co-workers reported the discovery of a new human polyomavirus, KI virus, in respiratory secretions from patients with acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI). OBJECTIVE We examined 951 respiratory samples collected in Queensland, Australia, between November 2002 and August 2003 from patients with respiratory infection,(More)
Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) DNA was detected in 7 (1.3%) of 526 respiratory tract samples from patients in Australia with upper or lower respiratory tract symptoms. Partial T antigen and major capsid protein sequences of MCPyV identified in respiratory secretions showed high homology (99%-100%) to those found in Merkel cell carcinoma.
Increasing numbers of Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains with decreased susceptibilities to ceftriaxone and other oral cephalosporins widely used for the treatment of gonorrhea have been isolated in Sydney, Australia, over several years. In this study, we examined the complete penicillin-binding protein 2 (PBP 2) amino acid sequences of 109 gonococci, selected(More)
Phenotypic identification of Gram-negative bacteria from respiratory specimens of patients with cystic fibrosis carries a high risk of misidentification. Molecular identification techniques that use single-gene targets are also susceptible to error, including cross-reaction issues with other Gram-negative organisms. In this study, we have designed a(More)
OBJECTIVES Neisseria gonorrhoeae antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global problem heightened by emerging resistance to ceftriaxone. Appropriate molecular typing methods are important for understanding the emergence and spread of N. gonorrhoeae AMR. We report on the development, validation and testing of a Sequenom MassARRAY iPLEX method for multilocus(More)
Emerging antimicrobial resistance within Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) is a significant global public health threat. Detection and investigation of treatment failures is a crucial component of the World Health Organisation's response to this challenge. We report the cases of two homosexual men, both treated for pharyngeal NG with 500mg intramuscular(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the risk-adjusted temporal trend of gonorrhea and chlamydia positivity and associated risk behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) attending a sexual health clinic in Melbourne in Australia. METHODS Gonorrhea and chlamydia positivity by anatomical site adjusted for year of test, age, number of sexual partners, and condom(More)
Cell culture and direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) assays have been traditionally used for the laboratory diagnosis of respiratory viral infections. Multiplex reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (m-RT-PCR) is a sensitive, specific, and rapid method for detecting several DNA and RNA viruses in a single specimen. We developed a m-RT-PCR assay that(More)
Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) for the detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae became available in the early 1990s. Although offering several advantages over traditional detection methods, N. gonorrhoeae NAATs do have some limitations. These include cost, risk of carryover contamination, inhibition, and inability to provide antibiotic resistance data.(More)