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It has been shown that enhancing the function of the major inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA decreases glutamatergic activity in the brain. Since increased glutamatergic activity is the major primary event that results in cell death following an acute hypoxic-ischaemic stroke, GABAmimetic drugs might therefore be expected to be neuroprotective. This review(More)
The pharmacological properties of a novel selective 5-hydroxytryptamine1A (5-HT1A) receptor antagonist, NAD-299 [(R)-3-N,N-dicyclobutylamino-8-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran-5-carboxamide hydrogen (2R,3R)-tartrate monohydrate] were examined in vitro and in vivo and compared with the reference 5-HT1A receptor antagonist, WAY-100635(More)
The description of new dopamine (DA) receptor subtypes, D1-(D1 and D5) and D2-like (D2A, D2B, D3, D4), has given an impetus to DA research. While selective agonists and antagonists are not generally available yet, the receptor distribution in the brain suggests that they could be new targets for drug development. Binding characteristics and second messenger(More)
The present study examined the role of D1 and D2 receptors in mediating locomotor activity induced by dopamine (DA) agonists after injection into the nucleus accumbens (Acb). The D1 receptor agonist SKF38393 (as the racemic mixture) induced a dose-related increase in activity when injected bilaterally (1-10 micrograms/side). At a dose of 1 microgram/side,(More)
The kinetic properties of the accumulation of 3H-raclopride, a selective dopamine (DA) D-2 receptor antagonist, in mouse striatum in vivo was examined under various experimental conditions. The accumulation in striatum was saturable in contrast to that in cerebellum, which linearily increased with the dose. The specific binding of 3H-raclopride in the(More)
(1) The influence of various dopamine (DA) receptor agonists and antagonists on the kinetic properties of the specific binding of 3H(-)-N-n-propylnorapomorphine (NPA) in the mouse striatum in vivo was studied. The specific binding of 3H-NPA, defined as the difference between the radioactivity in the striatum and cerebellum, was completely antagonized by the(More)
Schizophrenic patients are deficient in various neurologic measures reflecting information processing. One such measure in prepulse inhibition (PPI) of acoustic startle, in which schizophrenics display less inhibition than normal subjects. PPI is also diminished in rats treated with psychotomimetic drugs such as amphetamine and phencyclidine. PPI has been(More)
Mice, administered haloperidol 3 mg/kg/day, in their drinking water for 21 days, were tested for their responsiveness to cholinergic and anticholinergic drugs 4 days after withdrawal from haloperidol (or vehicle). Haloperidol-treated animals administered methylhyoscine (1 mg/kg i.p.) and various doses of physostigmine (5 to 1215 microgram/kg) displayed(More)
For many years, bromocriptine has proven to be a useful treatment for some of the disabling motor effects seen in Parkinson's disease. As such, it has been the only commonly used directly acting D2 agonist available. But its mechanism of action has been obscure because many animal models indicated an absolute requirement for the presence of endogenous DA(More)
Many drugs of abuse such as d-amphetamine support the development of taste aversion in a conditioned taste aversion paradigm. However, it has yet to be established whether methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), an amphetamine-like stimulant, has this property. A direct comparison was made between MDMA and d-amphetamine over a dose range of 0.125-2.0 mg/kg(More)