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BACKGROUND Most intrauterine contraception (IUC) placements do not require pain relief. However, small proportions of nulliparous (∼17%) and parous (∼11%) women experience substantial pain that needs to be proactively managed. This review critically evaluates the evidence for pain management strategies, formulates evidence-based recommendations and(More)
New approaches to hybrid in band on channel (HIBOC) FM systems for digital audio broadcasting based on multistream transmission methodology and mul-tidescriptive audio coding techniques are introduced in this paper. These ideas combined with a lower per side-band audio coding rate and more powerful channel codes result in robust transmission and graceful(More)
INTRODUCTION The management of patients with Class II malocclusion has been an ongoing discussion in orthodontics. The aim of this study was to determine whether orthodontists agree among themselves and with each other about the etiology, timing, and difficulty of treating subjects with Class II malocclusion. METHODS The initial records of 159 Class II(More)
Cancer patients often have complex and difficult inpatient diagnostic and treatment pathways that involve many different specialities within secondary care. With current severe resource constraints, improvements in outcomes and patient experience need to be both cost-efficient and effective. We review the reports that will shape national cancer care in(More)
The objective of our study was to assess the effectiveness of combining medicated urethral system for erection (MUSE) with sildenafil citrate in men unsatisfied with the sildenafil alone. Baseline and follow-up data from 23 patients (mean age, 62.5 +/- 5.23 years) unsatisfied with the use of the sildenafil citrate alone for the treatment of erectile(More)