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6-[(3-Cyclobutyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepin-7-yl)oxy]-N-methyl-3-pyridinecarboxamide hydrochloride (GSK189254) is a novel histamine H(3) receptor antagonist with high affinity for human (pK(i) = 9.59 -9.90) and rat (pK(i) = 8.51-9.17) H(3) receptors. GSK189254 is >10,000-fold selective for human H(3) receptors versus other targets tested, and it(More)
Base excision repair (BER) averts the cytotoxic and mutagenic effects of most endogenously produced DNA damage, including lesions that arise spontaneously due to the intrinsic instability of DNA or modifications that are formed from reactions with intracellular chemicals, such as reactive oxygen species and alkylating agents. Defects in the BER process have(More)
DNA damage created by endogenous or exogenous genotoxic agents can exist in multiple forms, and if allowed to persist, can promote genome instability and directly lead to various human diseases, particularly cancer, neurological abnormalities, immunodeficiency and premature aging. To avoid such deleterious outcomes, cells have evolved an array of DNA repair(More)
GSK207040 (5-[(3-cyclobutyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepin-7-yl)oxy]-N-methyl-2-pyrazinecarboxamide) and GSK334429 (1-(1-methylethyl)-4-({1-[6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl]-4-piperidinyl}carbonyl)hexahydro-1H-1,4-diazepine) are novel and selective non-imidazole histamine H(3) receptor antagonists from distinct chemical series with high affinity for(More)
The jumonji (JMJ) family of histone demethylases are Fe2+- and α-ketoglutarate-dependent oxygenases that are essential components of regulatory transcriptional chromatin complexes. These enzymes demethylate lysine residues in histones in a methylation-state and sequence-specific context. Considerable effort has been devoted to gaining a mechanistic(More)
X-ray Repair Cross Complementing 1 (XRCC1) is thought to function as a scaffolding protein in both base excision repair and single-strand break repair (SSBR), since it interacts with several proteins participating in these related pathways and has no known enzymatic activity. Moreover, studies indicate that XRCC1 possesses discrete G1 and S phase-specific(More)
Children and adolescents with Crohn's disease (CD) present often with a more complicated disease course compared to adult patients. In addition, the potential impact of CD on growth, pubertal and emotional development of patients underlines the need for a specific management strategy of pediatric-onset CD. To develop the first evidenced based and consensus(More)
Human Exo1 is a member of the RAD2 nuclease family with roles in replication, repair and recombination. Despite sharing significant amino acid sequence homology, the RAD2 proteins exhibit disparate nuclease properties and biological functions. In order to identify elements that dictate substrate selectivity within the RAD2 family, we sought to identify(More)
Oncogenic BRAF alleles are both necessary and sufficient for cellular transformation, suggesting that chemical inhibition of the activated mutant protein kinase may reverse the tumor phenotype. Here, we report the characterization of SB-590885, a novel triarylimidazole that selectively inhibits Raf kinases with more potency towards B-Raf than c-Raf.(More)