David M Stepien

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Sepsis represents the host's systemic inflammatory response to a severe infection. It causes substantial human morbidity resulting in hundreds of thousands of deaths each year. Despite decades of intense research, the basic mechanisms still remain elusive. In either experimental animal models of sepsis or human patients, there are substantial physiological(More)
OBJECTIVE The cause of death in murine models of sepsis remains unclear. The primary purpose of this study was to determine if significant lung injury develops in mice predicted to die after cecal ligation and puncture-induced sepsis compared with those predicted to live. DESIGN Prospective, laboratory controlled experiments. SETTING University research(More)
BACKGROUND Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious public health concern affecting more than 1.7 million people in the United States annually. Mild TBI is difficult to diagnose and is clinically associated with impaired motor coordination and cognition. METHODS We subjected mice to a mild TBI (mTBI-1 or mTBI-2) induced by a weight drop model. We(More)
Multiple organ failure in sepsis substantially increases mortality. This study examined if there was greater hepatic, pancreatic, splenic, or renal injury in mice that would die during sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) compared with that of those that would survive. Mice were stratified into groups predicted to die (Die-P) or predicted to(More)
We sought to investigate the effects of cockroach allergen (CRA) exposure on the lung macrophage population to determine how different macrophage phenotypes influence exacerbation of disease. CRA exposure caused significantly reduced expression of CD86 on lung macrophages. These effects were not systemic, as peritoneal macrophage CD86 expression was not(More)
OBJECTIVES Traumatic brain injury results in significant morbidity and mortality and is associated with infectious complications, particularly pneumonia. However, whether traumatic brain injury directly impacts the host response to pneumonia is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the nature of the relationship between traumatic brain(More)
Neural input to the immune system can alter its ability to clear pathogens effectively. Patients suffering mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) have shown reduced rates of pneumonia and a murine model replicated these findings, with better overall survival of TBI mice compared with sham-injured mice. To further investigate the mechanism of improved host(More)
OBJECTIVES Sepsis remains a serious clinical problem despite intensive research efforts and numerous attempts to improve outcome by modifying the inflammatory response. Substance P, the principal ligand for the neurokinin-1 receptor, is a potent proinflammatory mediator that exacerbates inflammatory responses and cardiovascular variables in sepsis. DESIGN(More)
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