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In spite of much effort, no one has succeeded in isolating and characterizing the enzyme(s) responsible for synthesis of cellulose, the major cell wall polymer of plants. We have characterized two cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) cDNA clones and identified one rice (Oryza sativa) cDNA that are homologs of the bacterial celA genes that encode the catalytic(More)
The Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) crystal toxins are safe biological insecticides, but have short persistance and are poorly effective against pests that feed inside plant tissues. Production of effective levels of these proteins in plants has required resynthesis of the genes encoding them. We report that amplification of an unmodified crylA(c) coding(More)
In animals, the small GTP-binding proteins, Rac and Rho, of theras superfamily participate in the signal rransduction pathway that regulates the organization of the actin cytoskeleton. We report here on the characterization of two distinct cDNA clones isolated from a cotton fiber cDNA library that code for homologs of animal Rac proteins. Using(More)
A Klebsiella ozaenae nitrilase which converts the herbicide bromoxynil (3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxybenzonitrile) to 3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxybenzoic acid has been expressed at 5-10% of the total protein in Escherichia coli from a cloned K. ozaenae DNA segment and purified 10.3-fold to homogeneity. The purified polypeptide is molecular weight 37,000 in size, but the(More)
The enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EC, encoded by the aroA locus, is a target site of glyphosate inhibition in bacteria. A glyphosate-resistant aroA allele has been cloned in Escherichia coli from a mutagenized strain of Salmonella typhimurium. Subcloning of this mutant aroA allele shows the gene to reside on a 1.3-kilobase(More)
A DNA sequence cosisting of 617 base pairs (bp) from the region of the origin of replication of the broad-host range plasmid RK2 has been determined. Included within this sequence is a 393 bp HpaII restriction fragment that provides a functional origin or replication when other essential RK2 specified functions are provided in trans. Also contained in this(More)
Phage T7 RNA polymerase has been used extensively in Escherichia coli for high-level expression of selected genes placed under the control of the phage T7 gene 10 promoter. We have constructed an analogous system for use in plastids of higher plants. A T7 RNA polymerase chimeric gene containing a cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter and a tobacco(More)
Cyclodextrins (CDs) are cyclic oligosaccharides containing six (alpha), seven (beta), or eight (gamma) glucose molecules, respectively. The cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases (CGT), which produce CDs from starch, are found only in bacteria and are used in batch fermentors with hydrolyzed starch to produce CDs commercially. Using a CGT gene from Klebsiella,(More)
Replication and incompatibility properties in Escherichia coli of DNA segments from the replication origin region of plasmid RK2 have been investigated. A 393 bp HpaII fragment, derived from the region of the RK2 origin of replication, carries an active origin when essential RK2 encoded functions are provided in trans and will form a mini RK2 replicon when(More)