David M. Reith

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BACKGROUND Early detection of acute tubular necrosis (ATN) could permit implementation of salvage therapies and improve patient outcomes in acute renal failure (ARF). The utility of single and combined measurements of urinary tubular enzymes in predicting ARF in critically ill patients has not been evaluated using the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC)(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the risk factors for suicide, premature death and all-cause death in a representative population of hospital-treated deliberate self-poisoning patients. METHOD A prospective cohort study using data-linkage between the Hunter Area Toxicology Service Database and the National Death Index of the Australian Institute of Health and(More)
AIM To identify the incidence and risk of suicide and self harm, among patients prescribed antidepressant drugs. METHODS A retrospective cohort study, with nested case control, of patients identified from a nonrandom sample of general practices in New Zealand from 1996 to 2001. A total of 57 361 patients who received a prescription for a single(More)
We compared the test characteristics of interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12(p-70), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and full blood count (FBC) in the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. This prospective cohort study in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Dunedin hospital of patients between July(More)
BACKGROUND Intensive insulin regimens are now the mainstay of modern, type 1 diabetes mellitus management. Insulin pumps (CSII) are a key technique used. Although there has been considerable study of outcomes, there are few recent data on CSII-associated adverse events (AEs) and their incidence and characteristics. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Phone calls to our(More)
BACKGROUND In medication safety research studies medication related events are often classified by type, seriousness, and degree of preventability, but there is currently no universally reliable "gold standard" approach. The reliability (reproducibility) of this process is important as the targeting of prevention strategies is often based on specific(More)
Intravenous acetaminophen is a commonly used analgesic following surgery. The aims of this study were to determine the population pharmacokinetic profile of intravenous acetaminophen and its metabolites in adult surgical patients and to identify patient characteristics associated with acetaminophen metabolism in the postoperative period. 53 patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Polypharmacy and inappropriate continuation of medicines can lead to a significant risk of adverse drug events and drug interactions with patient harm and escalating health care costs as a result. Thorough review of patients' medications focusing on the need for each drug can reduce the potential for harm. Limitations in performing effective(More)
INTRODUCTION Patients' access to medicines can be profoundly affected by the decisions made by medicine licensing bodies and public reimbursement agencies. The present study compares access to licensed and subsidized medicines under a single-payer system in each of the US, the UK, Australia and New Zealand (NZ). These systems are the US Department of(More)
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are an important problem in all hospitalized patients as these events represent medication-related patient harm. Few epidemiologic data exist regarding ADEs in the pediatric inpatient setting and, in particular, the economic impact of such ADEs upon the healthcare sector. To evaluate the incidence, preventability, and seriousness(More)