David M. Pollock

Learn More
First identified as a powerful vasoconstrictor, endothelin has an extremely diverse set of actions that influence homeostatic mechanisms throughout the body. Two receptor subtypes, ET(A) and ET(B), which usually have opposing actions, mediate the actions of endothelin. ET(A) receptors function to promote vasoconstriction, growth, and inflammation, whereas(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular damage caused by cerebral ischemia leads to edema, hemorrhage formation, and worsened outcomes in ischemic stroke patients. Therapeutic interventions need to be developed to provide vascular protection. The purpose of this review is to identify the pathophysiologic processes involved in vascular damage after ischemia, which may lead to(More)
The present study tested the hypothesis that increasing epoxyeicosatrienoic acids by inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) would lower blood pressure and ameliorate renal damage in salt-sensitive hypertension. Rats were infused with angiotensin and fed a normal-salt diet or an 8% NaCl diet for 14 days. The sEH inhibitor,(More)
Endothelin (ET) peptides and their receptors are intimately involved in the physiological control of systemic blood pressure and body Na homeostasis, exerting these effects through alterations in a host of circulating and local factors. Hormonal systems affected by ET include natriuretic peptides, aldosterone, catecholamines, and angiotensin. ET also(More)
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EET) have antihypertensive and anti-inflammatory properties and play a role in the maintenance of renal vascular function. A novel approach to increase EET levels is to inhibit epoxide hydrolase enzymes that are responsible for conversion of biologically active EET to dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHET). We hypothesized that(More)
Activation of endothelin receptor-A (ETA) increases glomerular permeability to albumin (Palb) and elevates pro-inflammatory markers in hyperglycaemic rats. Male Sprague–Dawley rats were given streptozotocin (n = 32) or saline (sham; n = 32). Half of the animals in each group received the ETA-selective antagonist, ABT-627 (atrasentan; orally), beginning(More)
Endothelin (ET) is a potent vasoactive peptide produced by endothelial cells that elicits prolonged constriction in most smooth muscle preparations and dilation in others. Of three isopeptides, ET-1 is the only form constitutively released and may modulate vascular tone via binding to one of several receptor subtypes in smooth muscle. Activation of the ETA(More)
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors have been demonstrated to have cardiovascular protective actions. This hydrolase enzyme converts fatty acid epoxides to their corresponding diols, and this conversion can alter the biologic activity of these metabolites. We hypothesized that 12-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido)dodecanoic acid (AUDA), a sEH inhibitor, would(More)
Endothelin (ET) 1 is a potent vasoactive peptide implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and renal disease. The aim of the current study was to test the hypotheses that ET-1 increases albumin permeability of glomeruli isolated from normal rats and that chronic ET-1 infusion will increase glomerular permeability and inflammation independent of blood(More)
Experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that elevated levels of endothelin 1 (ET-1) in the vasculature activate NADPH oxidase and/or uncoupled nitric-oxide synthase (NOS), resulting in O2-* production, and mediate increased constriction. Rat aortic rings were incubated with ET-1 or vehicle in the presence and absence of superoxide dismutase (SOD),(More)