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PURPOSE To derive the value of corneal epithelial barrier to fluorescein in humans from experiments in which the fluorophore in instilled in a single drop. METHOD A commercial scanning fluorophotometer, the Fluorotron Master, was used to scan through an anterior segment. It could not resolve the tear film from the cornea, but in the early stages of… (More)
The delivery of drugs to the retina from solution or from prolonged release forms is considered in terms of pharmacokinetics, interference with vision, and toxicity and safety. It is concluded that visual loss will be the limiting factor in determining the useful life of a drug administered as a microdispersion. Because microparticles can be lost from the… (More)
A very small drop of fluorescein solution was placed at the bottom of the lower fornix in human volunteers and its appearance in the tear film was measured. This was quite variable, but its appearance time averaged about 4 min and the peak of fluorescence 8 min. The time was shortened by blinking. The appearance time was too fast to be accounted for by… (More)
The hypothesis is advanced that the purpose of the eyeball movements during REM sleep is to stir the aqueous humor behind the closed lids and so avoid the risk that its stagnation could cause corneal anoxia. The relevance of the hypothesis to evolutionary biology and intensive care nursing is discussed.
Non-ionic radiological contrast media have a high refractive index and are not toxic to living cells. They can be used as clearing media for unfixed ocular tissues. Corneal opacities in the rabbit could be made transparent, on a temporary basis, by soaking the stroma in contrast media, and no ill effects on the eye were noted.
The pathways by which fluorescein (F), fluorescein glucuronide (FG) and fluorescein dextran (FD) leave the vitreous body of the rabbit were examined by measuring the concentration distribution of the injected fluorophores in sections of the frozen eyes. The contours of F, as already known, show that it leaves the vitreous predominantly across the retinal… (More)