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Cells with properties characteristic of mononuclear phagocytes were evaluated for infectivity with five different isolates of the AIDS virus, HTLV-III/LAV. Mononuclear phagocytes cultured from brain and lung tissues of AIDS patients harbored the virus. In vitro-infected macrophages from the peripheral blood, bone marrow, or cord blood of healthy donors(More)
Primary cultures from a brain biopsy specimen of a human T-cell lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV) seropositive patient with progressive dementia contained small numbers of monocytoid cells and showed reverse transcriptase activity that persisted for as long as 100 days. Electron microscopy of these cells revealed(More)
Vimentin is a widely expressed intermediate filament protein thought to be involved mainly in structural processes, such as wound healing. We now demonstrate that activated human macrophages secrete vimentin into the extracellular space. The maturation of blood-derived monocytes into macrophages involves several signalling pathways. We show that secretion(More)
LON proteases, which are ATP-dependent and exhibit ATPase activity, are found in bacteria, yeast, and humans. In Escherichia coli, LON is known to regulate gene expression by targeting specific regulatory proteins for degradation. The yeast and human LON proteins are encoded in the nucleus but localize to the mitochondrial matrix. In yeast, LON has been(More)
The natural product withaferin A (WFA) exhibits antitumor and antiangiogenesis activity in vivo, which results from this drug's potent growth inhibitory activities. Here, we show that WFA binds to the intermediate filament (IF) protein, vimentin, by covalently modifying its cysteine residue, which is present in the highly conserved alpha-helical coiled coil(More)
PURPOSE To review the clinical, epidemiologic, and biological features of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2). DATA IDENTIFICATION Studies published since 1981 identified from MEDLINE searches, articles accumulated by the author, bibliographies of identified articles, and discussions with other investigators. STUDY SELECTION(More)
DEK is a nuclear phosphoprotein implicated in oncogenesis and autoimmunity and a major component of metazoan chromatin. The intracellular cues that control the binding of DEK to DNA and its pleiotropic functions in DNA- and RNA-dependent processes have remained mainly elusive so far. Our recent finding that the phosphorylation status of DEK is altered(More)
Chemokines play critical roles in HIV-1 infection, serving both to modulate viral replication and to recruit target cells to sites of infection. Interferon-gamma-inducible protein 10 (IP-10/CXCL10) is a C-X-C chemokine that acts specifically upon activated T cells and macrophages and attracts T cells into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in HIV-associated(More)
The viral replication rate in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is controlled in part by regulation of the transcription of viral genes. The rate of transcription is determined by a complex interplay between cellular and viral proteins and the promoter elements found in the long terminal repeats. Protein phosphatase 2A(More)
The product of the dek oncogene is the 43-kDa DEK nuclear protein. DEK was first identified in a fusion with the CAN nucleoporin protein in a specific subtype of acute myelogenous leukemia. DEK has also been shown to be an autoantigen in patients with pauciarticular onset juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Further, the last 65 amino acids of DEK can partially(More)