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Lactoferrin (LF), a cationic 80-kDa protein present in polymorphonuclear leukocytes and in mucosal secretions, is known to have antibacterial effects on gram-negative bacteria, with a concomitant release of lipopolysaccharides (LPS, endotoxin). In addition, LF is known to decrease LPS-induced cytokine release by monocytes and LPS priming of(More)
The sensitivities of three methods of detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae by a 16S rDNA PCR were compared by using a serial dilution of M. pneumoniae. These methods consisted of a PCR performed directly on cells after a proteinase K pretreatment (direct PCR), a PCR after purification of nucleic acids (DNA-PCR), and a PCR with rRNA sequences as the target(More)
Urogenital isolates (n = 93) of Chlamydia trachomatis were differentiated into serovars and variants by serotyping with monoclonal antibodies and genotyping by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of the PCR-amplified omp1 gene, respectively. The types of 87 of the 93 isolates (94%) were identical, as determined by both methods. Among(More)
A method was developed to study virulence of coagulase-negative staphylococci. Our results showed that coagulase-negative staphylococci injected into adult mice by the intracerebral route did not give rise to lethal infections, whereas mice aged 2 days were much more susceptible. Novobiocin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus saprophyticus were more(More)
An antiserum with a high content of antibodies, binding to the Gram-negative lipopolysaccharide core region, was prepared by immunizing rabbits with the rough Escherichia coli mutant J5. This antiserum was capable of protecting mice against lethal challenge doses of E. coli 0 111: B4 in a mouse model where the animals were compromised by means of mucin plus(More)
The virulence of faecal and urinary Escherichia coli strains was studied in relation to serotype, haemolysin production and haemagglutination pattern. By means of an experimental mouse model E. coli strains can be divided into avirulent (I), mouse nephropathogenic (II), and generally virulent (III) strains. Virulent group II and group III strains were more(More)
The influence of haemolysin production on virulence was studied in an experimental mouse model. Urinary strains of Escherichia coli can be divided into three virulence groups by determining their kinetics in the mouse kidney after intravenous injection. Virulent strains of groups II and III were more often haemolytic than avirulent group-I strains.(More)
Killing of Proteus mirabilis by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes was tested in the presence of different Bacteroides species. In vitro experiments showed that anaerobic bacteria interfered with the killing of aerobic bacteria. However, this inhibitory effect was not a property of all Bacteroides species. Bacteroides gingivalis W83 showed the greatest(More)
The adherence to human uroepithelial cells of 23 Escherichia coli strains belonging to three groups with different levels of virulence was investigated, and the mechanism of adherence was studied. It was found that strains belonging to the most virulent group adhered better to human uroepithelial cells than did avirulent strains. Adherence of loss virulent(More)
Differences in nephropathogenicity between Escherichia coli strains were studied by following the kinetics of the viable count in the mouse kidney during 8 h after intravenous injection. Assuming as a reference point that at zero time 0.1% of the inoculum was lodged in the kidney, we found that strains fell into three main groups with different behavior(More)