David M. Knight

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Results of clinical trials have indicated that cA2, a neutralizing mouse/human IgG1 chimeric anti-human TNF-alpha monoclonal antibody, may have therapeutic benefit for rheumatoid arthritis patients. Arthritic joints contain, in addition to elevated levels of soluble TNF-alpha, high numbers of CD4+ T cells and macrophages, cells known to express(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of human diseases including septic shock, cachexia, graft-versus-host disease and several autoimmune diseases. Monoclonal antibodies directed against TNF provide an attractive mode of therapeutic intervention in these diseases. We have generated a murine monoclonal(More)
The successful elimination of pathogenic cells and microorganisms by the humoral immune system relies on effective interactions between host immunoglobulins and Fc gamma receptors on effector cells, in addition to the complement system. Essential Ig motifs that direct those interactions reside within the conserved IgG lower hinge/CH2 interface. We noted(More)
A number of proteases of potential importance to human physiology possess the ability to selectively degrade and inactivate Igs. Proteolytic cleavage within and near the hinge domain of human IgG1 yielded products including Fab and F(ab')(2) possessing full Ag binding capability but absent several functions needed for immune destruction of cellular(More)
A murine monoclonal antibody (7E3) directed against the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa was engineered to reduce immunogenicity by substituting human for murine constant regions. The chimeric antibody is functionally identical to the murine antibody in vitro. Results from clinical trials with 7E3 Fab antibody fragments, however, show that the 7E3 variable(More)
Vasopressin (AVP), produced in parvocellular neurons of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, regulates, together with CRH, pituitary ACTH secretion. The pituitary actions of AVP are mediated through the G protein receptor V(1b) (V(1b)|R). In man, hyperactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis has been associated with depression and other(More)
Glucocorticoid (GC) hormones are secreted from the adrenal gland in a characteristic pulsatile pattern. This ultradian secretory activity exhibits remarkable plasticity, with distinct changes in response to both physiological and stressful stimuli in humans and experimental animals. It is therefore important to understand how the pattern of GC exposure(More)
Pathogens that induce acute and chronic infections, as well as certain cancers, employ numerous strategies to thwart host cellular and humoral immune defenses. One proposed evasion mechanism against humoral immunity is a localized expression of extracellular proteases that cleave the IgG hinge and disable host IgG functions. Host immunity appears to be(More)
MUC1 (mucin 1) is a tumor-associated antigen that is overexpressed in many adenocarcinomas. Active immunotherapy targeting tumors expressing MUC1 could have great treatment value. MUC1 DNA vaccines were evaluated in MUC1 transgenic (MUC1.Tg) mice challenged with MC38/MUC1+ tumor cells. Vaccination with MUC1 plasmid DNA (pMUC1) alone was insufficient to(More)
Endotoxic shock follows a cascade of events initiated by release of lipopolysaccharide during infection with Gram-negative organisms. Two overlapping 15-mer peptides were identified, corresponding to residues 91-108 of human lipopolysaccharide binding protein that specifically bound the lipid A moiety of lipopolysaccharide with high affinity. The peptides(More)