David M. Holdich

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The rate of development and degree of survival of Asellus aquaticus eggs outside the marsupium of ovigerous females are affected by water quality and temperature. Eggs were maintained in polluted river water and relatively clean canal water. Developmental rates increase with increased temperature, but survival decreases. Eggs from polluted site ovigerous(More)
The virile crayfish (Orconectes virilis) represents a cryptic species complex with several lineages known in the USA, and a wide introduced range. In Europe, O. virilis is an emerging invader, established during the last decade in at least two areas—one in the United Kingdom and another in the Netherlands. We assessed the position of both known European(More)
Transgenic strains of the nematode Caenorhabditiselegans, which carry stress-inducible lacZ reporter genes, aremeasurably stressed by exposure to heavy metals in aqueous solution. Thisstress response can be quantified, using enzymatic assays for the reportergene-product (Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase), or estimatedapproximately by in situ staining for(More)
The tubular hindgut of the intertidal herbivorous isopod, Dynamene bidentata, consists of a long dorso-ventrally flattened anterior region, surrounded by a network of muscles, and a short muscular sphincter which grades into a pair of anal flaps. The monolayer of epithelial cells forming the wall of the hindgut appears to take no part in the production of(More)
Rates of biodiversity loss are higher in freshwater ecosystems than in most terrestrial or marine ecosystems, making freshwater conservation a priority. However, prioritization methods are impeded by insufficient knowledge on the distribution and conservation status of freshwater taxa, particularly invertebrates. We evaluated the extinction risk of the(More)
Woodlice are unique among the arthropods in moulting in two halves. The intramoult is 1.8 days inOniscus asellus and results from the two halves being out of synchrony throughout the cycle. In the integument, the initiation of a new moult cycle is heralded by epidermal cell vacuolation; a little later, the subepidermal tissue proliferates and, for a brief(More)
The integument of the woodlouse,Oniscus asellus, consists of a two-layered epicuticle, a largely lamellate procuticle — itself divided into two regions (pre-and postecdysial cuticles), and the epidermis. At the initiation of new cuticle production the epidermal cells become vacuolated and retract away from the cuticle. Apolysis occurs immediately after the(More)
The fecundity of two British populations of the freshwater crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes was examined. A number of maternal-size-related variables were correlated with counts of pleopodal eggs per female. Egg numbers did not decrease with increasing time from initial laying. Ovarian egg counts were considerably higher than expected pleopodal egg(More)
Sphaeromatid isopods, such as Dynamene, are common and abundant members of the invertebrate fauna of littoral and shallow sublittoral substrates. Six species of Dynamene occur in the northern hemisphere. Only two species exist outside this range, in Australia. The distribution of the various species in the NE Atlantic-Black Sea axis has been controversial(More)
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