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  • D M Hamby
  • 1994
Mathematical models are utilized to approximate various highly complex engineering, physical, environmental, social, and economic phenomena. Model parameters exerting the most influence on model results are identified through a 'sensitivity analysis'. A comprehensive review is presented of more than a dozen sensitivity analysis methods. This review is(More)
Mathematical models are utilized to approximate various highly complex engineering, physical, environmental, social, and economic phenomena. Model parameters exerting the most influence on model results are identified through a 'sensitivity analysis'. A comprehensive review is presented of more than a dozen sensitivity analysis methods. This review is(More)
Between 22 December and 25 December 1991, approximately 570 L of tritiated water was released from the K Reactor at the Savannah River Site. Analyses of river flow rates and measured tritium concentrations showed that approximately 210 TBq of tritium had been released from the reactor and was being transported down the Savannah River. Elevated tritium(More)
A radiation dose distribution has been calculated for an individual exposed to tritium oxide (tritiated water vapor) in the atmosphere. A specific activity model was used that is similar to that detailed in the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Regulatory Guide 1.109. The values of 19 parameters are sampled consistent with assigned probability distributions(More)
Environmental releases of tritium oxide at a number of Department of Energy nuclear weapons facilities contribute to a significant portion of environmental dose. Several conversion factors are utilized in the estimation of human impact from these releases, e.g., dispersion coefficients, consumption rates, uptake factors, transport factors, dose conversion(More)
Modeling the movement and consequence of radioactive pollutants is critical for environmental protection and control of nuclear facilities. Sensitivity analysis is an integral part of model development and involves analytical examination of input parameters to aid in model validation and provide guidance for future research. Sensitivities of 21 input(More)
The ICRP 66 lung model may be used to determine dose estimates for members of the public via the inhalation pathway. A significant source of uncertainty in internal dosimetric modelling is due to particulate deposition in regions of the respiratory tract. Uncertainties in estimates of particulate deposition are present because model input parameters have(More)
The focus of this study is to develop wind data for the Savannah River Site (SRS) between 1955 and 1961 to be used in an assessment of estimates of atmospheric dispersion and downwind risk at the Savannah River Site. In particular, a study of the uncertainties of radioiodine dosimetry from the late 1950s provides the underlying motivation for developing(More)
Reconstructed meteorological data are often used in some form of long-term wind trajectory models for estimating the historical impacts of atmospheric emissions. Meteorological data for the straight-line Gaussian plume model are put into a joint frequency distribution, a three-dimensional array describing atmospheric wind direction, speed, and stability.(More)
The production of weapons-grade nuclear materials and their by-products has resulted in a number of releases from United States Department of Energy facilities. 131I, a fission by-product, is one of the most common radionuclides generated and released to the environment. It is known that there are differences in various physiological parameters over all age(More)