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Recent studies focusing on autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunctions, together with theoretical pathophysiological models of musculoskeletal disorders, indicate the involvement of ANS regulation in development and maintenance of chronic muscle pain. Research has demonstrated the effectiveness of heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback (BF) in increasing(More)
UNLABELLED This study investigated temporal changes in movement strategy and performance during fatiguing short-cycle work. Eighteen participants performed six 7-min work blocks with repetitive reaching movements at 0.5 Hz, each followed by a 5.5-min rest break for a total duration of 1 h. Electromyography (EMG) was collected continuously from the upper(More)
Patients suffering from work-related muscle pain (WRMP) fatigue earlier during exercise than healthy controls. Inadequate oxygen consumption and/or inadequate blood supply can influence the ability of the muscles to withstand fatigue. However, it remains unknown if oxygenation and hemodynamics are associated with early fatigue in muscles of WRMP patients.(More)
Heart rate variability (HRV) is often monitored in occupational studies as a measure of cardiac autonomic activation, but the reliability of commonly used HRV indices is poorly understood. In the present study, we determined the variability between and within subjects of common HRV indices during a repetitive low-force occupational task, i.e., pipetting,(More)
Most previous studies of concurrent physical and cognitive demands have addressed tasks of limited relevance to occupational work, and with dissociated physical and cognitive task components. This study investigated effects on muscle activity and heart rate variability of executing a repetitive occupational task with an added cognitive demand integral to(More)
Neurophysiologic theory and some empirical evidence suggest that fatigue caused by physical work may be more effectively recovered during "diverting" periods of cognitive activity than during passive rest; a phenomenon of great interest in working life. We investigated the extent to which development and recovery of fatigue during repeated bouts of an(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on the association between sitting time and low back pain (LBP) have found contrasting results. This may be due to the lack of objectively measured sitting time or because socioeconomic confounders were not considered in the analysis. OBJECTIVES To investigate the association between objectively measured sitting time (daily total, and(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate autonomic nervous system regulation, physical activity (PA) and perceived stress and energy during daily activities in subjects with chronic muscle pain in the neck-shoulders (trapezius myalgia) (n=23) and symptom-free controls (n=22). Subjects underwent 24-hour objective ambulatory monitoring of heart rate(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a potent vasodilator, is produced in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons which extend nerves peripherally to blood vessels and centrally to the spinal cord. We previously reported that neuronal CGRP expression is significantly reduced in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) which could contribute to the elevated BP.(More)
Primary cultures of adult rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons were used to determine if activation of either the protein kinase A or C signal transduction pathways or treatment with the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone modulate neuronal calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) synthesis and release. DRG are the sites of neuronal cell bodies known to(More)